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Los obstáculos al desarrollo empresarial y el tamaño de las firmas en América Latina

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  • Eduardo Lora

    ()

  • Patricia Cortés

Abstract

Dada la multiplicidad de factores que pueden afectar el desempeño empresarial, tanto para los empresarios mismos como para las autoridades económicas de los países es preciso establecer la severidad de estos obstáculos para enfocar sus esfuerzos en los problemas más críticos. En este estudio analizamos dos fuentes nuevas y muy valiosas de información con ese objetivo. De un lado, utilizamos los resultados de un conjunto de `Encuestas de Ambiente Empresarial` (Business Environment Surveys) llevadas a cabo en 73 países, las cuales han indagado la importancia y gravedad de una serie de problemas que pueden afectar la operación y crecimiento de las firmas. De otro lado, analizamos información de balances contables de grandes empresas en 52 países de diferentes regiones del mundo con el fin de detectar algunos rasgos de las firmas latinoamericanas y analizar los determinantes del tamaño de las grandes empresas, bajo el presupuesto de que dichas firmas se encuentran en la frontera de las posibilidades de desarrollo empresarial que ofrece cada país.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department in its series Research Department Publications with number 4258.

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Date of creation: Mar 2001
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Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4258

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  1. Dollar, David & Micco, Alejandro & Clark, Ximena, 2002. "Maritime transport costs and port efficiency," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2781, The World Bank.
  2. Gary S. Becker & Kevin M. Murphy, 1994. "The Division of Labor, Coordination Costs, and Knowledge," NBER Chapters, in: Human Capital: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis with Special Reference to Education (3rd Edition), pages 299-322 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Kaufmann, Daniel & Kraay, Aart & Zoido-Lobaton, Pablo, 1999. "Governance matters," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2196, The World Bank.
  4. Blanca Sanchez-Robles, 1998. "Infrastructure Investment And Growth: Some Empirical Evidence," Contemporary Economic Policy, Western Economic Association International, vol. 16(1), pages 98-108, 01.
  5. Carmen Pagés-Serra, 2000. "The Cost of Job Security Regulation: Evidence from Latin American Labor Markets," JOURNAL OF LACEA ECONOMIA, LACEA - LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION.
  6. Arturo Galindo & Alejandro Micco, 2001. "Creditor Protection and Financial Cycles," Research Department Publications 4249, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  7. Kumar, Krishna B & Rajan, Raghuram G & Zingales, Luigi, 1999. "What Determines Firm Size?," CEPR Discussion Papers 2211, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  8. James J. Heckman & Carmen Pages, 2000. "The Cost of Job Security Regulation: Evidence from Latin American Labor Markets," NBER Working Papers 7773, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. La Porta, Rafael, et al, 1997. "Trust in Large Organizations," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 87(2), pages 333-38, May.
  10. Easterly, William & Rebelo, Sérgio, 1994. "Fiscal Policy and Economic Growth: An Empirical Investigation," CEPR Discussion Papers 885, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  11. Arturo Galindo & César Calderón & Alberto E. Chong, 2001. "Structure and Development of Financial Institutions and Links with Trust: Cross-Country Evidence," IDB Publications 6482, Inter-American Development Bank.
  12. Erik Brynjolfsson, 1994. "Information Assets, Technology and Organization," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 40(12), pages 1645-1662, December.
  13. Kremer, Michael, 1993. "The O-Ring Theory of Economic Development," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 108(3), pages 551-75, August.
  14. Kaufmann, Daniel & Kraay, Aart & Zoido-Lobaton, Pablo, 1999. "Aggregating governance indicators," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2195, The World Bank.
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Cited by:
  1. Osvaldo Nina, 2005. "What Makes a Difference in Achieving Higher Labor Productivity?: The Case of Low-Income Countries in Latin America," Development Research Working Paper Series 04/2005, Institute for Advanced Development Studies.
  2. Arturo Galindo & Fabio Schiantarelli, 2002. "Credit Constraints in Latin America: An Overview of the Micro Evidence," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 537, Boston College Department of Economics.
  3. Arturo Galindo, 2001. "Derechos de los acreedores y el mercado crediticio ¿Cuál es la situación actual?," Research Department Publications 4260, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  4. World Bank, 2004. "Peru - Microeconomic Constraints to Growth: The Evidence from the Manufacturing Sector," World Bank Other Operational Studies 14426, The World Bank.
  5. Arturo Galindo & Fabio Schiantarelli, 2002. "Limitaciones crediticias en América Latina: panorámica general de los elementos de juicio al nivel micro," Research Department Publications 4306, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  6. Arturo Galindo, 2001. "Creditor Rights and the Credit Market: Where Do We Stand?," Research Department Publications 4259, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.

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