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Comparative Trade Policy

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  • Wiberg, Magnus

    ()
    (Ministry of finance)

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    Abstract

    Current research has found ambiguous results with respect to the effects of the type of electoral regime on trade policy. The present paper proposes a solution to this indeterminacy. It is shown that the equilibrium level of trade protection can be relatively higher, as well as lower, under a majoritarian electoral rule compared to proportional representation. The equilibrium outcome is shown to depend on the number of voters in swing districts who own a factor specific to the exporting industry in relation to those who possess claims to the specific input employed by the import-competing sector. It is further argued that political rents are lower (higher) under majoritarian elections if there are more factor owners in the swing districts with stakes in the exporting (import-competing) industry.

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    File URL: http://www2.ne.su.se/paper/wp10_08.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Stockholm University, Department of Economics in its series Research Papers in Economics with number 2010:8.

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    Length: 27 pages
    Date of creation: 27 May 2010
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:hhs:sunrpe:2010_0008

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    Keywords: Endogenous Tariff Formation; Trade Policy; Electoral Rules;

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    1. Per Pettersson-Lidbom, 2008. "Do Parties Matter for Economic Outcomes? A Regression-Discontinuity Approach," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 6(5), pages 1037-1056, 09.
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