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Start-up rates, Entrepreneurship Culture and the Business Cycle. Swedish patterns from national and regional data

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Author Info

  • Andersson, Martin

    ()
    (CIRCLE Lund University, Blekinge Institute of Technology)

Abstract

It is often claimed that there are locally embedded values and attitudes towards entrepreneurship, exerting a strong influence on the rate and level of entrepreneurial activity in regions. The concept of regional entrepreneurship culture aims to capture such phenomena, and refers in a general sense to the level of social acceptance and encouragement of entrepreneurs and their activities in a region. This paper discusses regional entrepreneurship culture as a source of persistent differences in regional rates of new firm formation, and presents a number of empirical regularities for Sweden to illustrate the empirical relevance of the main arguments. Using data on rates of new firm formation across Swedish regions over time, the paper further explores the association between start-up activity and the business cycle, as well as how the geographic distribution of start-up rates changes during a major economic crisis.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Lund University, CIRCLE - Center for Innovation, Research and Competences in the Learning Economy in its series CIRCLE Electronic Working Papers with number 2013/1.

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Length: 25 pages
Date of creation: 10 Jan 2013
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hhs:lucirc:2013_001

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Postal: CIRCLE, Lund University, PO Box 117, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden
Phone: +46 (0) 46 222 74 68
Web page: http://www.circle.lu.se/
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Related research

Keywords: entrepreneurship; start-ups; geography; culture; business cycles; social capital; persistence;

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  1. Ejermo, Olof & Kander, Astrid, 2007. "Swedish business research productivity – improvements against international trends," CIRCLE Electronic Working Papers 2007/7, Lund University, CIRCLE - Center for Innovation, Research and Competences in the Learning Economy.
  2. Kander, Astrid & Enflo, Kerstin & Schön, Lennart, 2007. "In Defense of Electricity as a General Purpose Technology," CIRCLE Electronic Working Papers 2007/6, Lund University, CIRCLE - Center for Innovation, Research and Competences in the Learning Economy.
  3. Olof Ejermo & Astrid Kander, 2011. "Swedish business research productivity," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 20(4), pages 1081-1118, August.
  4. Schön, Lennart & Kander, Astrid, 2007. "Industrial dynamics and innovative pressure on energy - Sweden with European and Global outlooks," CIRCLE Electronic Working Papers 2007/5, Lund University, CIRCLE - Center for Innovation, Research and Competences in the Learning Economy.
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