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Measuring Income-Related Health Inequalities in Sweden

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Author Info

  • Gerdtham, Ulf-G

    ()
    (Centre for Health Economics)

  • Sundberg, Gun

    (Department of Economics)

Abstract

In Sweden, health, measured as self-assessed health, is distributed fairly evenly in an international perspective. The purpose of this paper is to study whether specific disorders and diseases also are distributed fairly evenly. There are 44 diseases or disorders dealt with in this study, from a common cold or cough to serious diseases such as cancer and heart attack. All disorders and diseases are rated on a three-point scale. The data used are the Swedish Level of Living Survey from 1981 and 1991 (LNU81 and LNU91), where income data received from the National Tax Statistics have been linked to the LNU data. The method is the same as the one used by the EC-group on equity, where the different disorders and diseases are measured by concentration indices. All 44 illness conditions are age and sex standardized. The income measure is disposable household income per equivalent adult. The results show that even if there are no inequalities in health in Sweden, there are significant inequalities in diseases and disorders, as well as differences between the two periods 1980 and 1990. In general, the inequalities in the diseases and disorders were less obvious in 1980 than in 1990.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Stockholm School of Economics in its series Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance with number 120.

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Length: 26 pages
Date of creation: Sep 1996
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in Advances in Health Economics, Zweifel, P. (eds.), 1998, pages 119-138, Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Handle: RePEc:hhs:hastef:0120

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Postal: The Economic Research Institute, Stockholm School of Economics, P.O. Box 6501, 113 83 Stockholm, Sweden
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Related research

Keywords: Equity; distribution; inequalities; health;

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References

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  1. Wagstaff, Adam & Paci, Pierella & van Doorslaer, Eddy, 1991. "On the measurement of inequalities in health," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 33(5), pages 545-557, January.
  2. Bjorklund, A. & Palme, M. & Svensson, I., 1995. "Assessing the Effects of Swedish Tax and Benefit Reforms on Income Distribution Using Different Income Concepts," Papers, Uppsala - Working Paper Series 13, Uppsala - Working Paper Series.
  3. Tony Culyer, 1991. "Health, health expenditures and equity," Working Papers, Centre for Health Economics, University of York 083chedp, Centre for Health Economics, University of York.
  4. Lundberg, Olle, 1991. "Causal explanations for class inequality in health--An empirical analysis," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 32(4), pages 385-393, January.
  5. van Doorslaer, Eddy & Wagstaff, Adam, 1992. "Equity in the delivery of health care: some international comparisons," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 11(4), pages 389-411, December.
  6. Kakwani, Nanak & Wagstaff, Adam & van Doorslaer, Eddy, 1997. "Socioeconomic inequalities in health: Measurement, computation, and statistical inference," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 77(1), pages 87-103, March.
  7. Wagstaff, Adam & van Doorslaer, Eddy & Paci, Pierella, 1991. "On the measurement of horizontal inequity in the delivery of health care," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 10(2), pages 169-205, July.
  8. Wagstaff, Adam & van Doorslaer, Eddy, 1992. "Equity in the finance of health care: Some international comparisons," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 11(4), pages 361-387, December.
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Cited by:
  1. Svensson, Mikael, 2006. "Economic Upturns are Good for Your Heart but Watch out for Accidents," Working Papers, Örebro University, School of Business 2006:9, Örebro University, School of Business, revised 26 Jun 2007.
  2. Maleshkov, Hristo, 2004. "Social and economic circumstances of sex differentials in poor health of elderly population," IRISS Working Paper Series, IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD 2004-06, IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD.

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