The Impact of a Break-Through Rule on European Firms
AbstractWe analyze the impact of a 75 pct. Break-Through rule on 1,035 European firms with dual class shares. In 3-5 pct. of the firms the controlling owners incur a direct loss of control, whereas in additional 11-17 pct. of the firms the controlling owners are likely to incur a control loss. Firms in Germany, Italy and the Scandinavian countries are more likely to incur a control loss. We continue to estimate the restrictions that the Break-Through rule puts on these firms’ ability to issue new shares to outsiders without changing the control structure. We conclude that a significant number of the firms with dual class shares in the European Union will be affected by a 75 pct. Break- Through rule.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Copenhagen Business School, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 12-2002.
Length: 44 pages
Date of creation: 01 Oct 2002
Date of revision:
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Postal: Department of Economics, Copenhagen Business School, Solbjerg Plads 3 C, 5. sal, DK-2000 Frederiksberg, Denmark
Phone: 38 15 25 75
Fax: 38 15 34 99
Web page: http://www.cbs.dk/departments/econ/
More information through EDIRC
Break-Through rule; Dual class shares; Corporate control; Takeovers and Voting rights;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- G30 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - General
- G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
- G34 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Mergers; Acquisitions; Restructuring; Corporate Governance
- G38 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Government Policy and Regulation
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2003-04-13 (All new papers)
- NEP-CFN-2003-04-13 (Corporate Finance)
- NEP-EEC-2003-04-13 (European Economics)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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"Corporate Ownership Around the World,"
Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers
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- Pajuste, Anete, 2005. "Determinants and consequences of the unification of dual-class shares," Working Paper Series, European Central Bank 0465, European Central Bank.
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