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Impact de l'accroissement du prix des produits pétroliers sur la distribution des revenus au Mali

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  • Kangni Kpodar

    (CERDI - Centre d'études et de recherches sur le developpement international - CNRS : UMR6587 - Université d'Auvergne - Clermont-Ferrand I)

Abstract

Cet article étudie les effets d'une augmentation des prix des produits pétroliers sur la distribution des revenus au Mali en utilisant une analyse micro-macro basée sur la combinaison de données d'enquête-ménages et d'une matrice input-output. Les résultats montrent que, parmi les produits pétroliers consommés par les ménages, l'accroissement du prix du pétrole lampant affecte négativement le revenu des ménages pauvres plus que l'accroissement du prix de l'essence et du gasoil. Globalement, l'impact de la hausse du prix des produits pétroliers suit une relation en U inversé avec le niveau de dépense par tête, les ménages des classes moyennes étant moins affectés que les ménages pauvres et les ménages riches. Par ailleurs, quel que soit le produit pétrolier considéré, les prix subventionnés à la pompe bénéficient plus aux ménages à haut revenu qu'aux ménages à faible revenu. Ceci suggère que les subventions implicites ou explicites aux prix domestiques des produits pétroliers sont des mécanismes peu efficaces, comparés à des subventions ciblées, pour protéger les ménages pauvres. Une réforme du système de fixation des prix domestiques est par conséquent souhaitable afin de réorienter l'affectation des ressources budgétaires aux objectifs de réduction de la pauvreté.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series Working Papers with number halshs-00557133.

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Date of creation: 18 Jan 2011
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Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-00557133

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Related research

Keywords: analyse input-output; subventions; petrole; distribution des revenus; analyse de bien-être;

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  1. Alves, Denisard C. O. & De Losso da Silveira Bueno, Rodrigo, 2003. "Short-run, long-run and cross elasticities of gasoline demand in Brazil," Energy Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 25(2), pages 191-199, March.
  2. John C.B. Cooper, 2003. "Price elasticity of demand for crude oil: estimates for 23 countries," OPEC Energy Review, Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, vol. 27(1), pages 1-8, 03.
  3. Benedict J. Clements & Sanjeev Gupta & Hong-Sang Jung, 2003. "Real and Distributive Effects of Petroleum Price Liberalization," IMF Working Papers 03/204, International Monetary Fund.
  4. Abbas Valadkhani & William F. Mitchell, 2002. "Assessing the Impact of Changes in Petroleum Prices on Inflation and Household Expenditures in Australia," Australian Economic Review, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, vol. 35(2), pages 122-132.
  5. McDonald, Scott & van Schoor, Melt, 2005. "A Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) Analysis of the Impact of an Oil Price Increase in South Africa," Working Paper Series, PROVIDE Project 15633, PROVIDE Project.
  6. Gately, D. & Streifel, S.S., 1997. "The demand for Oil Products in Developing Countries," World Bank - Discussion Papers, World Bank 359, World Bank.
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Cited by:
  1. Michael Plante Author-X-Name-First: Michael Author-X-Name-Last: Plante, 2013. "TheLong-RunMacroeconomicImpactsofFuelSubsidies," Caepr Working Papers, Center for Applied Economics and Policy Research, Economics Department, Indiana University Bloomington 2013-002, Center for Applied Economics and Policy Research, Economics Department, Indiana University Bloomington.
  2. Plante, Michael, 2014. "The long-run macroeconomic impacts of fuel subsidies," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 107(C), pages 129-143.
  3. Diagne, Youssoupha S & Diop, Mouhamadou M, 2007. "Quelles solutions à la hausse continue de la facture publique pétrolière : maintien des appuis à la consommation ou libre fixation des prix par le marché ?
    [Impact of energy subsidies withdraw
    ," MPRA Paper 54807, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. Ashokankur Datta, 2008. "The incidence of fuel taxation in India," Indian Statistical Institute, Planning Unit, New Delhi Discussion Papers, Indian Statistical Institute, New Delhi, India 08-05, Indian Statistical Institute, New Delhi, India.
  5. AydIn, Levent & Acar, Mustafa, 2011. "Economic impact of oil price shocks on the Turkish economy in the coming decades: A dynamic CGE analysis," Energy Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 39(3), pages 1722-1731, March.
  6. Mathew Adagunodo, 2013. "Petroleum Products Pricing Reform in Nigeria: Welfare Analysis from Household Budget Survey," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, Econjournals, vol. 3(4), pages 459 - 472.
  7. Rodriguez, U-Primo E., 2007. "State-of-the-Art in Regional Computable General Equilibrium Modelling with a Case Study of the Philippines," Agricultural Economics Research Review, Agricultural Economics Research Association (India), Agricultural Economics Research Association (India), vol. 20(1).

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