Transportation Infrastructure and Development in Ghana
AbstractWe study the impact of transportation infrastructure on agriculture and development in colonial Ghana. Two railway lines were built between 1901 and 1923 to connect the coast to mining areas and the large hinterland city of Kumasi. This unintendedly opened vast expanses of tropical forest to cocoa cultivation, allowing Ghana to become the world's largest producer. This attracted migrants to producing areas and the economic surplus drove urbanization. Using data at a very fine spatial level, we find a strong effect of railroad connectivity on cocoa production due to reduced transportation costs. We then show that the economic boom in cocoa-producing areas was associated with demographic growth and urbanization. We _nd no spurious effect from lines that were not built yet, and lines that were planned but never built. We show that our results are robust to considering nearest neighbor estimators. Lastly, railway construction has durably transformed the economic geography of Ghana, as railway districts are more developed today, despite thirty years of marked decline in rail transportation.
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Date of creation: Jul 2011
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Railroads ; Trade Costs ; Urbanization ; Africa;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-AFR-2011-07-21 (Africa)
- NEP-ALL-2011-07-21 (All new papers)
- NEP-DEV-2011-07-21 (Development)
- NEP-GEO-2011-07-21 (Economic Geography)
- NEP-URE-2011-07-21 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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- Chiara Cazzuffi & Alexander Moradi, 2010. "Why do cooperatives fail? Big versus small in Ghanaian Cocoa Producers' Societies, 1930-36," Working Paper Series 0110, Department of Economics, University of Sussex.
Blog mentionsAs found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
- Four lessons from railways in Ghana
by Johan Fourie in Johan Fourie's Blog on 2012-11-27 19:29:39
- High-speed rail in South Africa: too costly to consider
by Johan Fourie in Johan Fourie's Blog on 2013-06-02 07:57:55
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"Rural Demography, Public Services and Land Rights in Africa: A Village-Level Analysis in Burkina Faso,"
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17718, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- McMillan, Margaret & Masters, William A. & Kazianga, Harounan, 2012. "Rural demography, public services, and land rights in Africa: A village-level analysis in Burkina Faso," IFPRI discussion papers 1164, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
- Thor Berger & Kerstin Enflo, 2013. "Locomotives of Local Growth: The Short- and Long-Term Impact of Railroads in Sweden," Working Papers 0042, European Historical Economics Society (EHES).
- Strobl, Eric & Valfort, Marie-Anne, 2012.
"The Effect of Weather-Induced Internal Migration on Local Labor Markets: Evidence from Uganda,"
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6923, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Strobl, Eric & Valfort, Marie-Anne, 2013. "The effect of weather-induced internal migration on local labor markets : evidence from Uganda," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6600, The World Bank.
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