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« L'évaluation expérimentale des programmes d'emploi et de formation aux Etats-Unis : éléments de critique interne »

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  • Coralie Perez

    ()
    (CEREQ - Centre d'études et de recherches sur les qualifications - Ministère de l'Education nationale, de l'Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche - ministère de l'Emploi, cohésion sociale et logement)

Abstract

S'agissant des programmes d'emploi et de formation américains, les débats sont très vifs entre les tenants de l'évaluation expérimentale et ceux refusant la sélection aléatoire des participants. Tous s'accordent pourtant sur la nécessité de disposer d'un contrefactuel fiable permettant de figurer ce qu'il serait advenu des participants si le programme n'avait pas existé. En effet, il est admis qu'une évaluation doit mettre en évidence l'efficacité du programme, c'est-à-dire l'amélioration de la situation des participants consécutive et imputable au programme. En 1985 a été décidé l'évaluation du Job Training and Partnership Act (JTPA), programme d'emploi et de formation destiné aux « désavantagés économiques » jeunes et adultes. Cette évaluation, qui a produit ses premiers résultats en 1991, constitue une bonne illustration de l'intérêt et des limites d'une telle approche.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00370754.

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Date of creation: Mar 2000
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Publication status: Published, Revue française des affaires sociales, 2000, janvier-mars, N°1, 145-163
Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00370754

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Keywords: Evaluation; expérimentation; évaluation quasi-expérimentale; politique d'emploi; formation; causalité; Etats-Unis;

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  1. Burt S. Barnow, 1987. "The Impact of CETA Programs on Earnings: A Review of the Literature," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 22(2), pages 157-193.
  2. David H. Greenberg & Philip K. Robins, 1986. "The changing role of social experiments in policy analysis," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 5(2), pages 340-362.
  3. Gary Burtless, 1995. "The Case for Randomized Field Trials in Economic and Policy Research," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 9(2), pages 63-84, Spring.
  4. Aaron, Henry J, 1989. "Politics and the Professors Revisited," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(2), pages 1-15, May.
  5. Laurie J. Bassi, 1983. "The Effect of CETA on the Postprogram Earnings of Participants," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 18(4), pages 539-556.
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