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Cotton policy in SSA: a matter of institutional arrangements related to farmers' constraints

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  • Michel Fok

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    (SCA - Systemes de cultures annuelles - CIRAD : UPR102)

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    Abstract

    Cotton production in the Francophone African Countries (FACs) derives exclusively from smallholders whose holding size is less than 5 ha on average. From the 1990s, the FACs are globally ranking third to second in exporting cotton to the world market. Such an achievement could be regarded as the result of an institutional construction which took place for four decades in dealing with the smallholders' constraints and concerns. Since the mid-1990s, the FACs are engaged into processes of privatization/liberalization, at distinct modalities, within the implementation of globalization-oriented policies. Drastic changes are now observed in pricing mechanisms, provision of inputs and credit to farmers...etc. These changes imply modifications in the responsibilities sharing between stakeholders, with modalities which are implying sometimes disharmony and uncertainty within the sector. This is an illustration of the construction-feature of new institutional arrangements which can hardly be automatically acceptable to all. The paper provides an analysis of the institutional construction in dealing with few major constraints or concerns faced by the smallholders in the FACs.

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    Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00324380.

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    Date of creation: 14 May 2008
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    Publication status: Published - Presented, ISSCRI International Conference "Rationales and evolutions of cotton policies", 2008, Montpellier, France
    Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00324380

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    Related research

    Keywords: Globalization; institutional arrangement; liberalization; cotton; history;

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    1. R. Bingen, 1996. "Leaders, leadership, and democratization in West Africa: Observations from the cotton farmers movement in Mali," Agriculture and Human Values, Springer, vol. 13(2), pages 24-32, March.
    2. Louis M. Goreux & Paul R. Masson & Dhaneshwar Ghura & Ousmane Badiane, 2002. "Cotton Sector Strategies in West and Central Africa," IMF Working Papers 02/173, International Monetary Fund.
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