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Open source et systèmes critiques : le cas Thales

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  • Nordine Benkeltoum

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    (LM2O - Laboratoire de Modélisation et de Management des Organisations - Ecole Centrale de Lille)

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    Abstract

    La littérature en SI (Système d'Informations) s'est largement intéressée aux technologies open source tant du point du vue des stratégies IT (Information Technologies), des modèles d'affaires que de la phénoménologie organisationnelle. Toutefois, les travaux en management des SI se sont peu penchés sur l'utilisation de l'open source en environnement critique. En s'appuyant sur une étude exploratoire, cet article décrit la manière dont Thales, une entreprise spécialisée dans des domaines hautement sensibles (défense, aéronautique et sécurité), a structuré une stratégie IT ad hoc afin de répondre aux défis lancés par l'utilisation des technologies open source. Cette stratégie repose sur la mise en place d'un centre de compétences chargé de l'acquisition, du développement et de la transmission des savoirs internes et externes. Sur la base de ce matériau et de la littérature, l'article propose un modèle pour l'intégration de l'open source dans la stratégie IT.

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    File URL: http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/docs/00/90/59/19/PDF/Benkeltoum-AIM-2012.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number hal-00905919.

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    Date of creation: 2012
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    Publication status: Published - Presented, 17ème Colloque de l'AIM, 2012, Bordeaux, France
    Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-00905919

    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00905919
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    Web page: http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/

    Related research

    Keywords: open source ; environnement critique ; stratégie SI ; stratégie IT;

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    1. Jürgen Bitzer & Philipp J. H. Schröder, 2002. "Bug-Fixing and Code-Writing: The Private Provision of Open Source Software," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 296, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    2. Lerner, Josh & Tirole, Jean, 2001. "The open source movement: Key research questions," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 45(4-6), pages 819-826, May.
    3. Andrea Bonaccorsi & Silvia Giannangeli & Cristina Rossi, 2006. "Entry Strategies Under Competing Standards: Hybrid Business Models in the Open Source Software Industry," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 52(7), pages 1085-1098, July.
    4. Henkel, Joachim, 2006. "Selective revealing in open innovation processes: The case of embedded Linux," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(7), pages 953-969, September.
    5. Dahlander, Linus & Magnusson, Mats G., 2005. "Relationships between open source software companies and communities: Observations from Nordic firms," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(4), pages 481-493, May.
    6. West, Joel, 2003. "How open is open enough?: Melding proprietary and open source platform strategies," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 32(7), pages 1259-1285, July.
    7. Dahlander, Linus & Wallin, Martin W., 2006. "A man on the inside: Unlocking communities as complementary assets," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(8), pages 1243-1259, October.
    8. Lee, Sang-Yong Tom & Kim, Hee-Woong & Gupta, Sumeet, 2009. "Measuring open source software success," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 37(2), pages 426-438, April.
    9. Alan MacCormack & John Rusnak & Carliss Y. Baldwin, 2006. "Exploring the Structure of Complex Software Designs: An Empirical Study of Open Source and Proprietary Code," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 52(7), pages 1015-1030, July.
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