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The impact of age and training on creativity: a design-theory approach to study fixation effects

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  • Marine Agogué

    ()
    (CGS - Centre de Gestion Scientifique - MINES ParisTech - École nationale supérieure des mines de Paris, LaPsyDÉ - Laboratoire de Psychologie du Développement et de l'Éducation de l'enfant - Université Paris V - Paris Descartes)

  • Nicolas Poirel

    (LaPsyDÉ - Laboratoire de Psychologie du Développement et de l'Éducation de l'enfant - Université Paris V - Paris Descartes)

  • Olivier Houde

    (LaPsyDE - Laboratoire de Psychologie du Développement et de l'Education de l'enfant - Université Paris V - Paris Descartes)

  • Arlette Pineau

    (LaPsyDÉ - Laboratoire de Psychologie du Développement et de l'Éducation de l'enfant - Université Paris V - Paris Descartes)

  • Mathieu Cassotti

    (LaPsyDÉ - Laboratoire de Psychologie du Développement et de l'Éducation de l'enfant - Université Paris V - Paris Descartes)

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    Abstract

    Despite the existence of many studies about the different aspects of fixation in creativity and design reasoning, the underlying mechanisms of fixation, i.e., the processes that interfere during creative reasoning and lead one to become fixated on a small number of unvaried solutions, remain unclear. In this paper, we propose a theoretical framework to model fixation based on C-K design theory, which states that fixation is characterised as a set of restrictive heuristics activated in creative reasoning. We applied our framework in a set of experiments. We demonstrated how this framework makes sense of the varieties of fixation in design processes. We conclude by proposing three capabilities to understand fixation and overcome it: restrictive heuristics development, inhibitory control and expansion.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number hal-00825289.

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    Date of creation: 2014
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    Publication status: Published, Thinking Skills and Creativity, 2014, 11, 1, 33-41
    Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-00825289

    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://hal-ensmp.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00825289
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    1. Thrane, Sof & Blaabjerg, Steen & Møller, Rasmus Hannemann, 2010. "Innovative path dependence: Making sense of product and service innovation in path dependent innovation processes," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(7), pages 932-944, September.
    2. Arthur, W Brian, 1989. "Competing Technologies, Increasing Returns, and Lock-In by Historical Events," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 99(394), pages 116-31, March.
    3. Kaplan, Sarah & Tripsas, Mary, 2008. "Thinking about technology: Applying a cognitive lens to technical change," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(5), pages 790-805, June.
    4. David, Paul A, 1985. "Clio and the Economics of QWERTY," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 75(2), pages 332-37, May.
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