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Contributory education scheme : theoretical basis and application

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  • David Flacher

    ()
    (CEPN - Centre d'économie de l'Université de Paris Nord - CNRS : UMR7115 - Université Paris XIII - Paris Nord)

  • Hugo Harari-Kermadec

    ()
    (SAMM - Statistique, Analyse et Modélisation Multidisciplinaire (SAmos-Marin Mersenne) - Université Paris I - Panthéon Sorbonne)

  • Léonard Moulin

    ()
    (CEPN - Centre d'économie de l'Université de Paris Nord - CNRS : UMR7115 - Université Paris XIII - Paris Nord)

Abstract

Abstract After a short criticism of the "self-funded education scheme" which is widely implemented in the world and often based on tuition fees, this article develops theoretical basis for a "contributory education scheme". This model is characterised 1) by a universal access for students to grants allowing them to take charge of themselves during their higher education curriculum; and 2) by a funding regime relying in particular on the population that has benefited from grants, once studies are finished. The article first points out the limits of the self-funded education scheme. Then, it discusses the analogies and differences with pension systems implemented in countries like France. We derive theoretical motivations in favour of a contributory education scheme: The equity of access to higher education, the incentives for students and university to be efficient, as well as the contributory equity are discussed. The article proposes finally to assess, for France, the cost and the options concerning the transformation of the tax system that would be needed for funding such a reform. Beyond the individual income, variables like the degree obtained by the student are taken into account in our assessment. The conclusion draws research perspectives concerning the theoretical dimensions and the transition such a reform concretely implies.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number hal-00606684.

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Date of creation: 2011
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Publication status: Published - Presented, XX Meeting of the Economics of Education Association, 2011, Malaga, Spain
Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-00606684

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Keywords: Contributory education scheme; grants; France; equity; self-funded education scheme; tuition fees.;

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  1. Pierre Courtioux, 2009. "Peut-on financer l'éducation du supérieur de manière plus équitable ?," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) hal-00370094, HAL.
  2. Martín González Rozada & Alicia Menéndez, 2002. "Public University in Argentina: Subsidizing the Rich?," Working Papers 210, Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Research Program in Development Studies..
  3. Robert J. Gary-Bobo & Alain Trannoy, 2008. "Efficient Tuition Fees and Examinations," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 6(6), pages 1211-1243, December.
  4. Erica Field, 2009. "Educational Debt Burden and Career Choice: Evidence from a Financial Aid Experiment at NYU Law School," American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, American Economic Association, vol. 1(1), pages 1-21, January.
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