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Polarisation et déclin de la classe moyenne : le cas de la Russie

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  • Jérôme Lefranc

    ()
    (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - CNRS : UMR8174 - Université Paris I - Panthéon-Sorbonne)

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    Abstract

    Cet article contribue à l'analyse de la polarisation des revenus de Russie. Son objectif est d'évaluer l'évolution de la classe moyenne en Russie et de vérifier si les mécanismes publics de redistribution ont affecté son évolution au cours des deux dernières décennies. Nous appliquons deux indices de polarisation à des données sur le revenu des ménages, afin d'analyser l'évolution de la classe moyenne et de la polarisation en Russie. Les investigations empiriques menées dans le cadre de cette recherche sont basées sur les données de l'enquête Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey de 1995 à 2010. Au cours de la première période, qui se caractérise par une inégalité croissante des revenus, nous constatons que la classe moyenne a diminué et que la polarisation des revenus a augmenté, indiquant la constitution de groupes identifiés dans les tranches de revenu inférieures et supérieures. Dans la seconde période, où l'économie russe a souffert de la crise internationale, nous constatons que la classe moyenne a augmenté et que la polarisation a diminué. Le niveau de la polarisation des revenus est aussi élevé dans les zones rurales que dans les zones urbaines, ce qui suggère que le risque de tensions sociales existe dans les deux zones. Les résultats de cette étude confirment l'efficacité du mécanisme de redistribution pour réduire la polarisation de manière significative.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by HAL in its series Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) with number halshs-00775929.

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    Date of creation: Jun 2012
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    Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:halshs-00775929

    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00775929
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    Keywords: Polarisation; redistribution des revenus; classes sociales; Russie.;

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    1. Abdelkrim Araar, 2008. "On the Decomposition of Polarization Indices: Illustrations with Chinese and Nigerian Household Surveys," Cahiers de recherche 0806, CIRPEE.
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