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Les indicateurs de polarisation et leur application à la France

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  • Antoine Parent
  • Damien Echevin
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    Abstract

    [fre] Cet article présente, dans un premier temps, les propriétés des indicateurs de polarisation des revenus, ceux de Foster-Wolfson et d’Esteban-Ray, leur portée et leur limite. Les deux critères de polarisation et d’inégalité apparaissent comme complémentaires mais distincts dans la mesure où le principe de transfert de Pigou-Dalton est étranger au concept de polarisation. Dans un second temps, l’application de ces indicateurs à des données françaises permet de tester leur portée explicative en comparant leur valeur informative à celle dérivée par une analyse plus fine des caractéristiques des populations. C’est l’occasion de s’interroger sur la pertinence du constat d’augmentation de la polarisation des revenus salariaux au cours des années quatre-vingt-dix. La polarisation des emplois semble avoir contribué significativement à ce phénomène. [eng] Polarisation Indicators and their Application to France.. This article begins by presenting the properties of the income polarisation indicators developed by Foster-Wolfson and Esteban-Ray, and their scope and limits. The two polarisation and inequality criteria appear complementary but different insofar as the Pigou-Dalton transfer principle is alien to the polarisation concept. Wenext apply these indicators to French data in order to test their explanatory capacity by comparing their informative value with the results of closer analysis of population characteristics. We use this opportunity to look at the relevance of the increase in wage income polarisation in the nineties. Job polarisation appears to have made a significant contribution to this phenomenon.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie & prévision.

    Volume (Year): 155 (2002)
    Issue (Month): 4 ()
    Pages: 13-30

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_2002_num_155_4_6867

    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.2002.6867
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    Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/ecop

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    1. Joan-Maria Esteban & Debraj Ray, 1991. "On the Measurement of Polarization," Boston University - Institute for Economic Development 18, Boston University, Institute for Economic Development.
    2. Esteban, Joan & Ray, Debraj, 1999. "Conflict and Distribution," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 87(2), pages 379-415, August.
    3. Paul Gregg, 1996. "It Takes Two: Employment Polarisation in the OECD," CEP Discussion Papers dp0304, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
    4. Wolfson, Michael C, 1994. "When Inequalities Diverge," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(2), pages 353-58, May.
    5. Peter Gottschalk & Timothy M. Smeeding, 1997. "Cross-National Comparisons of Earnings and Income Inequality," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 35(2), pages 633-687, June.
    6. Wolfson, Michael, 1997. "Divergent Inequalities - Theory and Empirical Results (Revised Edition)," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 1997066e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
    7. Wang, You-Qiang & Tsui, Kai-Yuen, 2000. " Polarization Orderings and New Classes of Polarization Indices," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 2(3), pages 349-63.
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