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On the Role of Progressive Taxation in a Ramsey Model with Heterogeneous Households

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  • Stefano Bosi

    ()
    (EQUIPPE - ECONOMIE QUANTITATIVE, INTEGRATION, POLITIQUES PUBLIQUES ET ECONOMETRIE - Université Lille I - Sciences et technologies - Université Lille II - Droit et santé - Université Lille III - Sciences humaines et sociales - PRES Université Lille Nord de France, EPEE - Université d'Evry-Val d'Essonne)

  • Thomas Seegmuller

    ()
    (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - CNRS : UMR8174 - Université Paris 1 - Panthéon-Sorbonne, EEP-PSE - Ecole d'Économie de Paris - Paris School of Economics - Ecole d'Économie de Paris)

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to study the role of progressive tax rules on the allocations of steady state and the stability properties in a Ramsey economy with heterogeneous households and borrowing constraints. Since labor supply in elastic, considering different tax rates on capital and labor incomes is relevant. The steady state analysis allows us to highlight the existence of different types of stationary equilibria. While patient agents always hold capital, impatient ones have or not positive savings, depending on the leval of real interest rate. Furthermore, it is not always optimal for all households to have a positive labor supply. Studying the comparative statics and local dynamics, we focus on the steady state with a segmented population : patient households own the whole stock of capital, while the impatient ones are workers. Varying the population sizes and the tax rates, we underline the crucial role of fiscal progressivity and endogenous labor. Moreover, in contrast to many contributions, we prove that progressive tax rules can promote expectation-driven fluctuations and endogenous cycles which means that progressivity can be inopportune to stabilize macroeconomic volatility.

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Paper provided by HAL in its series Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) with number halshs-00331299.

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Date of creation: Jun 2008
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Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:halshs-00331299

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Keywords: Progressive taxation; heterogeneous agents; borrowing constraint; endogenous labor supply; steady state allocation; macroeconomic stability.;

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  1. Sarte, Pierre-Daniel G., 1997. "Progressive taxation and income inequality in dynamic competitive equilibrium," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 66(1), pages 145-171, October.
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  17. Stefano Bosi & Thomas Seegmuller, 2008. "On the Role of Progressive Taxation in a Ramsey Model with Heterogeneous Households," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00331299, HAL.
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  22. Stefano Bosi & Thomas Seegmuller, 2007. "On the Ramsey equilibrium with heterogeneous consumers and endogenous labor supply," Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne v07003a, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne, revised Jul 2007.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Kirill Borissov & Joseph Hanna & Stephane Lambrecht, 2014. "Public Goods, Voting, and Growth," EUSP Deparment of Economics Working Paper Series Ec-01/14, European University at St. Petersburg, Department of Economics.
  2. Emin Gahramanov & Xueli Tang, 2013. "Solving for the Retirement Age in a Continuous-time Model with Endogenous Labor Supply," Economics Series 2013_5, Deakin University, Faculty of Business and Law, School of Accounting, Economics and Finance.
  3. Bosi, Stefano & Seegmuller, Thomas, 2010. "On the role of progressive taxation in a Ramsey model with heterogeneous households," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(6), pages 977-996, November.
  4. Kazuo Nishimura & Carine Nourry & Thomas Seegmuller & Alain Venditti, 2013. "Public Spending as a Source of Endogenous Business Cycles in a Ramsey Model with Many Agents," Working Papers halshs-00796698, HAL.
  5. Thomas Seegmuller & Lise Clain-Chamosset-Yvrard, 2013. "The Stabilizing Virtues of Fiscal vs. Monetary Policy on Endogenous Bubble Fluctuations," AMSE Working Papers 1343, Aix-Marseille School of Economics, Marseille, France, revised 17 Aug 2013.
  6. Mohanad Ismael, 2010. "Progressive income taxes and macroeconomic instability," Documents de recherche 10-13, Centre d'Études des Politiques Économiques (EPEE), Université d'Evry Val d'Essonne.
  7. Koyuncu, Murat, 2011. "Can progressive taxation account for cross-country variation in labor supply?," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 35(9), pages 1474-1488, September.
  8. Lise Clain-Chamosset-Yvrard & Thomas Seegmuller, 2013. "The Stabilizing Virtues of Fiscal vs. Monetary Policy on Endogenous Bubble Fluctuations," Working Papers halshs-00854536, HAL.

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