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Migrant Networks as substitute for institutions: Evidence from Swiss trade

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Abstract

This paper uses an untapped dataset on Swiss immigration and a novel instrumental variable to test three channels through which migrants promote trade. The main finding is that migrant networks are an effective substitute for formal institutions in facilitating trade. The effect takes place entirely on the extensive margin, suggesting migrant networks may be reducing fixed entry costs characterized by corruption.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Economics Section, The Graduate Institute of International Studies in its series IHEID Working Papers with number 03-2010.

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Length: 21 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:gii:giihei:heidwp03-2010

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Keywords: trade; migration; corruption;

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References

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  1. James A. Dunlevy, 2006. "The Influence of Corruption and Language on the Protrade Effect of Immigrants: Evidence from the American States," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 88(1), pages 182-186, February.
  2. Gabriel J. FELBERMAYR & Benjamin JUNG & Farid TOUBAL, 2010. "Ethnic Networks, Information, and International Trade: Revisiting the Evidence," Annales d'Economie et de Statistique, ENSAE, issue 97-98, pages 41-70.
  3. James E. Rauch & Vitor Trindade, 2002. "Ethnic Chinese Networks In International Trade," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 84(1), pages 116-130, February.
  4. Thomas Chaney, 2008. "Distorted Gravity: The Intensive and Extensive Margins of International Trade," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 98(4), pages 1707-21, September.
  5. Bandyopadhyay, Subhayu & Coughlin, Cletus C. & Wall, Howard J., 2006. "Ethnic Networks and U.S. Exports," IZA Discussion Papers 1998, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  6. Pamina Koenig, 2009. "Immigration and the export decision to the home country," PSE Working Papers halshs-00574972, HAL.
  7. Eric Neumayer, 2005. "Unequal Access to Foreign Spaces: How States Use Visa Restrictions to Regulate Mobility in a Globalised World," Labor and Demography 0503005, EconWPA.
  8. Felbermayr, Gabriel J. & Toubal, Farid, 2012. "Revisiting the Trade-Migration Nexus: Evidence from New OECD Data," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 40(5), pages 928-937.
  9. Javorcik, Beata S. & Ozden, Caglar & Spatareanu, Mariana & Neagu, Cristina, 2006. "Migrant networks and foreign direct investment," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4046, The World Bank.
  10. repec:pse:psecon:2009-31 is not listed on IDEAS
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