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Enabling equitable collective action and policy change for poverty reduction and improved natural resource management in the Eastern African highlands:

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  • German, Laura
  • Mazengia, Waga
  • Tirwomwe, Wilberforce
  • Ayele, Shenkut
  • Tanui, Joseph
  • Nyangas, Simon
  • Begashaw, Leulseged
  • Taye, Hailemichael
  • Admassu, Zenebe
  • Tsegaye, Mesfin
  • Alinyo, Francis
  • Mekonnen, Ashenafi
  • Aberra, Kassahun
  • Chemangeni, Awadh
  • Cheptegei, William
  • Tolera, Tessema
  • Jotte Zewdie
  • Bedane, Kiflu
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    Abstract

    "The role of local and external institutions in natural resource management (NRM) is gaining attention in the literature, fostering greater understanding of the relationship between collective action and poverty, collective action and equity, and the conditions under which collective action institutions take root. It has also led to increased understanding of how uncritical practices by external development institutions can propagate social inequities in NRM. Yet little research has been conducted to understand how to foster local collective action institutions where they are absent, or to improve institutional practice. This research integrates empirical and action research in an effort to generate ‘working solutions' to problems facing rural communities in their efforts to manage their natural resources in the highlands of Ethiopia and Uganda. Following a brief introduction to the literature and the research, findings are presented according to two distinct phases of research. Data are first presented on existing forms of collective action, the influence of local and external institutions on economic development, and NRM problems that persist despite their negative livelihood consequences. Action research themes selected from a list of identified problems are then presented in greater detail, with lessons learnt thus far in attempting to overcome institutional barriers to improved NRM. The paper concludes with a discussion of the implications of findings for research, institutional practice, and policy." authors' abstract

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) in its series CAPRi working papers with number 86.

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    Date of creation: 2008
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:fpr:worpps:86

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    Keywords: Natural resource management; Collective action; Equity; Livelihoods; East African highlands; Gender; Environmental management;

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    References

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    1. Gebremedhin, Berhanu & Pender, John & Tesfay, Girmay, 2004. "Collective action for grazing land management in crop-livestock mixed systems in the highlands of northern Ethiopia," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 82(3), pages 273-290, December.
    2. Lastarria-Cornhiel, Susana, 1997. "Impact of privatization on gender and property rights in Africa," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 25(8), pages 1317-1333, August.
    3. Meinzen-Dick, Ruth Suseela, ed. & Knox, Anna, ed. & Place, Frank, ed. & Swallow, Brent, ed., 2002. "Innovation in natural resource management," Food policy statements 39, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    4. Cornwall, Andrea, 2003. "Whose Voices? Whose Choices? Reflections on Gender and Participatory Development," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 31(8), pages 1325-1342, August.
    5. Knox, Anna & Meinzen-Dick, Ruth Suseela & Hazell, P. B. R., 1998. "Property rights, collective action and technologies for natural resource management: a conceptual framework," CAPRi working papers, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) 1, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    6. Knox, Anna & Meinzen-Dick, Ruth Suseela, 2000. "Collective action, property rights, and devolution of natural resource management: exchange of knowledge and implications for policy," CAPRi working papers, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) 11, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    7. Gregorio, Monica Di & Hagedorn, Konrad & Kirk, Michael & Korf, Benedikt & McCarthy, Nancy & Meinzen-Dick, Ruth & Swallow, Brent, 2008. "Property rights, collective Action, and poverty: The role of institutions for poverty reduction," CAPRi working papers, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) 81, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    8. Birner, Regina & Gunaweera, Hasantha, 2001. "Between market failure, policy failure and “community failure”: property rights, crop-livestock conflicts and the adoption of sustainable land use practices in the dry zone of Sri Lanka," CAPRi working papers, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) 13, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    9. Gaspart, Frederic, et al, 1998. "Participation in the Construction of a Local Public Good with Indivisibilities: An Application to Watershed Development in Ethiopia," Journal of African Economies, Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE), Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE), vol. 7(2), pages 157-84, July.
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