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The Impact of Immigration on Portuguese Intra-Industry Trade

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  • Nuno Carlos Leitão

    (Polytechnic Institute of Santarém and CEFGAGE, University of Èvora, Portugal)

Abstract

This paper investigates the relationship between intra-industry trade (IIT) and immigration flows using a gravity model for the period 2000-2010 between Portugal and European Union’s Member States (EU-27). The present study uses the methodology of Kandogan (2003) for separating IIT into its components horizontal (HIIT) and vertical intra-industry trade (VIIT). Using a panel data approach, our study find that immigration has a positive influence on Portuguese intra-industry trade. These results indicate that the immigration can reduce transaction costs between home and host country. We also consider in econometric model, the economic dimension which appears to exercise a positive effect on IIT. Our results confirm the hypothesis that there is a negative effect of transportation costs on trade.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei in its series Working Papers with number 2013.20.

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Date of creation: Feb 2013
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Handle: RePEc:fem:femwpa:2013.20

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Keywords: Gravity Model; Horizontal and Vertical Intra-industry Trade Immigration and Panel Data;

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References

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  1. Hummels, David & Levinsohn, James, 1995. "Monopolistic Competition and International Trade: Reconsidering the Evidence," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 110(3), pages 799-836, August.
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  5. Horácio C. Faustino & Nuno Carlos Leitão, 2008. "Immigration and Trade in Portugal: A Static and Dynamic Panel Data Analysis," Working Papers Department of Economics 2008/31, ISEG - School of Economics and Management, Department of Economics, University of Lisbon.
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  17. Dunlevy, James A. & Hutchinson, William K., 1999. "The Impact of Immigration on American Import Trade in the Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 59(04), pages 1043-1062, December.
  18. Keith Head & John Ries, 1998. "Immigration and Trade Creation: Econometric Evidence from Canada," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 31(1), pages 47-62, February.
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  22. Nuno Carlos Leitão & Marius Surugiu & Camelia Surugiu, 2010. "Trade and Portuguese Immigration," Romanian Journal of Economics, Institute of National Economy, vol. 31(2(40)), pages 38-48, December.
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