Measuring Discrimination in Education
AbstractIn this paper, a methodology to measure discrimination in educational contexts is illustrated. In India, exam competition is run through which children compete for a large financial prize and teachers have been recruited to grade the exams.Then there is a random assignment of child â€œcharacteristicsâ€ (age, gender, and caste) to the cover sheets of the exams to ensure that there is no systematic relationship between the characteristics observed by the teachers and the quality of the exams. It has been found out that teachers give exams that are assigned to be lower caste scores that are about 0.03 to 0.09 standard deviations lower than exams that are assigned to be high caste. The effect is small relative to the real differences in scores between the high and lower caste children. Low-performing, low caste children and top-performing females tend to lose out the most due to discrimination. Interestingly, findings also suggest that the discrimination against low caste students is driven by low caste teachers, while teachers who belong to higher caste groups do not appear to discriminate at all. This result runs counter to the previous literature, which tends to find that individuals discriminate in favor of members of their own groups.[Working Paper no. 230]
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by eSocialSciences in its series Working Papers with number id:2541.
Date of creation: Jun 2010
Date of revision:
Note: Institutional Papers
Contact details of provider:
Web page: http://www.esocialsciences.org
methodology; discrimination; educational contexts; large financial prize; teachers; characteristicsage; gender; and caste; cover sheets; exams; favor;
Other versions of this item:
- Rema Hanna & Leigh Linden, 2009. "Measuring Discrimination in Education," NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc 15057, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- I2 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education
- J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2010-06-18 (All new papers)
- NEP-EDU-2010-06-18 (Education)
- NEP-LAB-2010-06-18 (Labour Economics)
- NEP-URE-2010-06-18 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
You can help add them by filling out this form.
CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
- Ewijk, R. van, .
"Same work, lower grade? Student ethnicity and teachers' subjective assessments,"
Working Papers, Top Institute for Evidence Based Education Research
21, Top Institute for Evidence Based Education Research.
- van Ewijk, Reyn, 2011. "Same work, lower grade? Student ethnicity and teachers' subjective assessments," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 30(5), pages 1045-1058, October.
- Reyn van Ewijk, 2010. "Same Work, Lower Grade? Student Ethnicity and Teachers’ Subjective Assessments," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers, Tinbergen Institute 10-127/3, Tinbergen Institute.
- Jain, Tarun & Narayan, Tulika, 2009. "Incentive to discriminate? An experimental investigation of teacher incentives in India," MPRA Paper, University Library of Munich, Germany 18672, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- Amine Ouazad & Lionel Page, 2012.
"Students’ Perceptions of Teacher Biases: Experimental Economics in Schools,"
CEE Discussion Papers, Centre for the Economics of Education, LSE
0133, Centre for the Economics of Education, LSE.
- Ouazad, Amine & Page, Lionel, 2013. "Students' perceptions of teacher biases: Experimental economics in schools," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 105(C), pages 116-130.
- Hinnerich, Björn Tyrefors & Höglin, Erik & Johannesson, Magnus, 2011. "Ethnic Discrimination in High School Grading: Evidence from a Field Experiment," Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance, Stockholm School of Economics 733, Stockholm School of Economics, revised 19 Jan 2011.
- Maresa Sprietsma, 2013. "Discrimination in grading: experimental evidence from primary school teachers," Empirical Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 45(1), pages 523-538, August.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Padma Prakash).
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.