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"Sex in Marriage is a Divine Gift": For whom ? Evidence from the Manila contraceptive ban

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  • Christelle DUMAS
  • Arnaud LEFRANC

    ()
    (BETA-Nancy and THEMA-Cergy-Pontoise.
    THEMA, Universite de Cergy-Pontoise)

Abstract

We analyze the tradeoff between child quantity and quality in de- veloping countries by estimating the effect of family size on child's ed- ucation in urban Philippines. To isolate exogenous changes in family size, we exploit a policy shock: in the late 1990s, the mayor of Manila enacted a municipal ban on modern contraceptives. Since other com- parable cities in the Manila metropolitan area were not affected by the ban, this allows us to implement a difference-in-difference estimation of the effect of family size. We also exploit the fact that older moth- ers were less likely to become pregnant during the ban. Our results indicate that the contraceptive ban led to a significant increase in fam- ily size. They also provide evidence of a quality-quantity tradeoff : increased family size led to a sizable decrease in school performance.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise in its series THEMA Working Papers with number 2013-22.

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Date of creation: 2013
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Handle: RePEc:ema:worpap:2013-22

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Related research

Keywords: Fertility; family size; human capital investment; quantity-quality tradeoff; Philippines.;

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  1. Gary S. Becker & Nigel Tomes, 1976. "Child Endowments, and the Quantity and Quality of Children," NBER Working Papers 0123, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Sandra E. Black & Paul J. Devereux & Kjell G. Salvanes, 2003. "Why the Apple Doesn't Fall Far: Understanding Intergenerational Transmission of Human Capital," NBER Working Papers 10066, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Angrist, Joshua & Lavy, Victor & Schlosser, Analia, 2006. "New Evidence on the Causal Link between the Quantity and Quality of Children," IZA Discussion Papers 2075, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Vladimir Ponczek & Andre Portela Souza, 2012. "New Evidence of the Causal Effect of Family Size on Child Quality in a Developing Country," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 47(1), pages 64-106.
  5. Aniceto C. Orbeta Jr., 2005. "Poverty, Fertility Preferences and Family Planning Practice in the Philippines," Development Economics Working Papers 22668, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
  6. Jonna P. Estudillo & JAgnes R. Quisumbing & JoKeijiro Otsuka, 2001. "Gender Differences in Land Inheritance and Schooling Investments in the Rural Philippines," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 77(1), pages 130-143.
  7. Dalton Conley & Rebecca Glauber, 2006. "Parental Educational Investment and Children’s Academic Risk: Estimates of the Impact of Sibship Size and Birth Order from Exogenous Variation in Fertility," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 41(4).
  8. Julio Cáceres-Delpiano, 2006. "The Impacts of Family Size on Investment in Child Quality," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 41(4).
  9. Rosenzweig, Mark R & Wolpin, Kenneth I, 1980. "Testing the Quantity-Quality Fertility Model: The Use of Twins as a Natural Experiment," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(1), pages 227-40, January.
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