What drives patent performance of German biotech firms? The impact of R&D subsidies, knowledge networks and their location
AbstractThis paper aims to explain whether firm-specific features, their engagement in collaboration networks and their location influence patent activity of biotech firms in Germany in the period 1997-2004. First, we demonstrate that non-collaborative R&D subsidies do not increase patent intensity of biotech firms. Second, the number of knowledge links biotech firms is also not influencing their patent performance. However, strong and robust evidence is found that some but not too much cognitive distance between actors involved in R&D collaborations increases patent performance of firms. Third, being located in a biotech cluster does positively impact on patent performance.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Utrecht University, Section of Economic Geography in its series Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) with number 1009.
Length: 35 pages
Date of creation: Aug 2010
Date of revision: Aug 2010
relatedness; R&D subsidies; biotechnology; knowledge networks; proximity paradox;
Other versions of this item:
- Dirk Fornahl & Tom Broekel & Ron Boschma, 2011. "What drives patent performance of German biotech firms? The impact of R&D subsidies, knowledge networks and their location," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 90(2), pages 395-418, 06.
- O33 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
- O38 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Government Policy
- R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2010-08-28 (All new papers)
- NEP-BEC-2010-08-28 (Business Economics)
- NEP-COM-2010-08-28 (Industrial Competition)
- NEP-CSE-2010-08-28 (Economics of Strategic Management)
- NEP-EUR-2010-08-28 (Microeconomic European Issues)
- NEP-GEO-2010-08-28 (Economic Geography)
- NEP-IND-2010-08-28 (Industrial Organization)
- NEP-INO-2010-08-28 (Innovation)
- NEP-IPR-2010-08-28 (Intellectual Property Rights)
- NEP-KNM-2010-08-28 (Knowledge Management & Knowledge Economy)
- NEP-NET-2010-08-28 (Network Economics)
- NEP-PPM-2010-08-28 (Project, Program & Portfolio Management)
- NEP-SBM-2010-08-28 (Small Business Management)
- NEP-URE-2010-08-28 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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