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Lock-in or lock-out? How structural properties of knowledge networks affect regional resilience

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  • Joan Crespo
  • Raphael Suire
  • Jerome Vicente

Abstract

The paper develops an evolutionary framework of regional resilience with a primary focus on the structural properties of local knowledge networks. After a presentation of the network-based rationales of growth and structuring of clusters, we analyze under which structural conditions a regional cluster can mix short run competitiveness without compromising long run resilience capabilities. We show that degree distribution (the level of hierarchy) and degree correlation (the level of structural homophily) of regional knowledge networks are suited properties for studying how clusters succeed in combining technological lock-in and regional lock-out. We propose a simple model of cluster structuring in order to highlight these properties, and discuss the results on a policy-oriented analysis. We conclude showing that policies for regional resilience fit better with ex ante regional diagnosis and targeted interventions on particular missing links, rather than ex post myopic applications of policies based on an unconditional increase of network relational density.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Oxford University Press in its journal Journal of Economic Geography.

Volume (Year): 14 (2014)
Issue (Month): 1 (January)
Pages: 199-219

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Handle: RePEc:oup:jecgeo:v:14:y:2014:i:1:p:199-219

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Cited by:
  1. Silvia Rita Sedita & Ivan De Noni & Luciano Pilotti, 2014. "How do related variety and differentiated knowledge bases influence the resilience of local production systems?," "Marco Fanno" Working Papers 0180, Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche "Marco Fanno".
  2. Ron Boschma, 2014. "Towards an evolutionary perspective on regional resilience," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 1409, Utrecht University, Section of Economic Geography, revised Mar 2014.
  3. Philippe MARTIN & Thierry MAYER & Florian MAYNERIS, 2013. "Are clusters more resilient in crises? Evidence from French exporters in 2008-2009," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 2013026, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
  4. Joan Crespo & Raphaël Suire & Jérôme Vicente, 2013. "Network structural properties for cluster long run dynamics. Evidence from collaborative R&D networks in the European mobile phone industry," Economics Working Paper Archive (University of Rennes 1 & University of Caen) 201336, Center for Research in Economics and Management (CREM), University of Rennes 1, University of Caen and CNRS.
  5. Crespo, Joan & Réquier-Desjardins, Denis & Vicente, Jérôme, 2014. "Why can collective action fail in Local Agri-food Systems? A social network analysis of cheese producers in Aculco, Mexico," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 165-177.

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