The effects of economic freedom components on economic growth: an analysis with a threshold model
AbstractSeveral studies show a positive and significant link between economic freedom and economic growth. Based on this result many economists recommend an abrupt and total disengagement of the State from the economic activity. Our objective in this paper is double. Initially, we show that the use of an aggregate index of economic freedom can mask the specificity of the link between the latter and the growth. In a second time, we use the Hansen (2000) method to demonstrate the presence of threshold variables rejecting the linearity of the relation between variables on the entire sample. The GDP per capita and the initial enrollment rate in secondary school divide the sample in two groups of countries characterized by different relations. One of our principal results is that the reduction of the size of the government is not effective in countries having an initial GDP per capita and an enrollment rate in 1990 higher than the thresholds values. This enables us to put into perspective the need for a reduction of the size of the government and to insist on the effectiveness of economic policies in developing countries.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of Paris West - Nanterre la Défense, EconomiX in its series EconomiX Working Papers with number 2008-3.
Length: 21 pages
Date of creation: 2008
Date of revision:
Size of the government; economic freedom; economic growth; threshold model;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- C13 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Estimation: General
- C21 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models
- H10 - Public Economics - - Structure and Scope of Government - - - General
- H11 - Public Economics - - Structure and Scope of Government - - - Structure and Scope of Government
- H50 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - General
- O10 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General
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- Jakob de Haan & Jan-Egbert Sturm, 2005. "Determinants of Long-term Growth: New Results Applying Roboust Estimation and Extreme Bounds," TWI Research Paper Series 12, Thurgauer Wirtschaftsinstitut, Universität Konstanz.
- Indra de Soysa & Eric Neumayer, 2004. "False Prophet, or Genuine Savior? Assessing the Effects of Economic Openness on Sustainable Development, 1980–1999," International Trade 0409001, EconWPA, revised 13 Oct 2004.
- Kešeljević, Aleksandar & Spruk, Rok, 2013. "Global distribution and dynamics of economic freedom: Non-parametric approach," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 560-571.
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