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European Electricity Grid Infrastructure Expansion in a 2050 Context

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  • Jonas Egerer
  • Clemens Gerbaulet
  • Casimir Lorenz
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    Abstract

    The European climate targets until 2050 require an adaptation of the generation portfolio in terms of renewable and fossil based generation. Assumptions on the timeline of the targets and the availability and costs of generation technologies are used in energy system models to optimize the cost minimal system transformation. The results include investments in generation technologies and their national allocation. Yet, the models are limited to the national aggregation and lack the spatial resolution required to represent individual network investments and related costs. In this paper, we analyze the impact the results of an energy system model have on demand for network expansion in the European power grid in a line-sharp representation. A cost minimizing mixed-integer problem (MIP) model calculates where in the European electricity grid expansion needs to take place for different time steps (2020/30/40/50) in order to obtain minimal total costs for power plant dispatch and grid expansion. Scenarios based on the generation infrastructure options from the PRIMES EU-wide energy model scenarios invoke different expansion needs and are compared. The model allows investments in the AC network and an overlay DC grid. Resulting investment costs are compared to the numbers of the European Energy Roadmap 2050.

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    File URL: http://www.diw.de/documents/publikationen/73/diw_01.c.421678.de/dp1299.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research in its series Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin with number 1299.

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    Length: 19 p.
    Date of creation: 2013
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:diw:diwwpp:dp1299

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    Keywords: Electricity; European Transmission Network; Investment Model;

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    References

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    1. Rosellon, Juan & Weigt, Hannes, 2008. "A Dynamic Incentive Mechanism for Transmission Expansion in Electricity Networks – Theory, Modeling and Application," MPRA Paper 22843, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Jonas Egerer & Friedrich Kunz & Christian von Hirschhausen, 2012. "Development Scenarios for the North and Baltic Sea Grid - A Welfare Economic Analysis," RSCAS Working Papers 2012/69, European University Institute.
    3. Weigt, Hannes & Hirschhausen, Christian von, 2008. "Price formation and market power in the German wholesale electricity market in 2006," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(11), pages 4227-4234, November.
    4. Wolf-Peter Schill & Juan Rosellón & Jonas Egerer, 2011. "Regulated Expansion of Electricity Transmission Networks: The Effects of Fluctuating Demand and Wind Generation," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1109, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    5. Weigt, Hannes & Jeske, Till & Leuthold, Florian & von Hirschhausen, Christian, 2010. ""Take the long way down": Integration of large-scale North Sea wind using HVDC transmission," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(7), pages 3164-3173, July.
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    Cited by:
    1. Alexander Zerrahn & Daniel Huppmann, 2014. "Network Expansion to Mitigate Market Power: How Increased Integration Fosters Welfare," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1380, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.

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