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Betreuung von Schulkindern: ein weiterer Schlüssel zur Aktivierung ungenutzter Arbeitskräftepotenziale?

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  • Verena Tobsch
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    Abstract

    Wenn es um die Frage der Vereinbarkeit von Familie und Beruf geht, wird meist die Betreuungsproblematik von erwerbswilligen und erwerbstätigen Müttern mit Kleinkindern betrachtet. Diese Analysen zeigen jedoch, dass ein Ausbau der Betreuung von Schulkindern in Deutschland ähnliche Effekte erzielen kann wie die vielfach diskutierte und anlysierte Wirkung der Kleinkindbetreuung. Auf Basis der Daten des sozio-ökonomischen Panel (SOEP) aus dem Jahr 2009 lässt sich inWestdeutschland ein Beschäftigungszuwachs von etwa fünf Prozent nachweisen. Für erwerbstätige Mütter ergibt sich zusätzlich eine Ausweitung des geleisteten Arbeitsvolumens um knapp zehn Prozent. Damit wäre das Arbeitskräftepotenzial - gemessen an den Erwerbswünschen - in Westdeutschland noch nicht ausgeschöpt. Für Ostdeutschland hingegen sind die Effekte deutlich geringer und statistisch nicht signifikant nachweisbar.

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    Paper provided by DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) in its series SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research with number 573.

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    Length: 39 p.
    Date of creation: 2013
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    Handle: RePEc:diw:diwsop:diw_sp573

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    Keywords: labour supply; work life balance; child care;

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