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The impact of health behaviors and life quality on gender differences in mortality

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Author Info

  • Marc Luy

    (Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany)

  • Paola Di Giulio

    (Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany)

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    Abstract

    Since gender-specific mortality differences are known a great deal of research has been conducted on this subject. The resulting hypotheses for explaining male excess mortality can be sub-divided into two basic categories: the biological approach (focusing on biological and genetic factors) and the non-biological approach (focusing on behavioral and environmental factors). It has been proven impossible to explain the observed trends in mortality differences between women and men by relying solely on one of the two groups of theories. Recent studies indicate that the majority of the female survival advantage can be attributed to gender behaviors while the impact of biological factors seems to be limited to 1-2 years in life expectancy at birth. The main goal of this paper is to analyze the impact of gender-specific health behaviors and gender differences in life quality using micro level data for Western Germany.

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    File URL: http://www.demogr.mpg.de/papers/working/wp-2006-035.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany in its series MPIDR Working Papers with number WP-2006-035.

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    Length: 36 pages
    Date of creation: Oct 2006
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:dem:wpaper:wp-2006-035

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    Web page: http://www.demogr.mpg.de/

    Related research

    Keywords: Germany; life styles; mortality; sex differentials;

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    References

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    1. Waldron, Ingrid, 1983. "Sex differences in human mortality: The role of genetic factors," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 17(6), pages 321-333, January.
    2. Rogers, Richard G. & Powell-Griner, Eve, 1991. "Life expectancies of cigarette smokers and nonsmokers in the United States," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 32(10), pages 1151-1159, January.
    3. Timothy Gage, 1994. "Population Variation in Cause of Death: Level, Gender, and Period Effects," Demography, Springer, vol. 31(2), pages 271-296, May.
    4. Abel, Thomas, 1991. "Measuring health lifestyles in a comparative analysis: Theoretical issues and empirical findings," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 32(8), pages 899-908, January.
    5. Waldron, Ingrid, 1993. "Recent trends in sex mortality ratios for adults in developed countries," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 36(4), pages 451-462, February.
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    Cited by:
    1. Junji Kageyama, 2012. "Happiness and Sex Difference in Life Expectancy," Journal of Happiness Studies, Springer, vol. 13(5), pages 947-967, October.

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