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Choc de revenu et éducation des enfants en présence d’imperfection du marché du crédit. Le cas du Malawi

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  • Tidiane Kinda

    (CERDI-CNRS, Université d’Auvergn; International Monetary Fund)

Abstract

Cet article montre que les ménages utilisent le retrait des enfants du système éducatif comme stratégie ex-post de gestion des chocs de revenu qu’il subissent. L’analyse souligne également qu’un grand nombre d’enfants dans un ménage affecte négativement la probabilité de scolarisation des enfants mettant ainsi en exergue l’existence d’un arbitrage dans l’allocation des ressources d’éducation entre les enfants du ménage. Cet arbitrage de ressources laisse place à un effet d’incitation lorsque l’on prend en compte la scolarisation des frères et des soeurs : des enfants ayant des frères et soeurs scolarisés ont de plus grande chance d’aller à l’école. Ce résultat remet ainsi en cause l’hypothèse largement acceptée de dilution de ressources intra-ménages pour l’éducation.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES) in its series Discussion Papers (REL - Recherches Economiques de Louvain) with number 2010043.

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Length: 20
Date of creation: 01 Dec 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ctl:louvre:2010043

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Keywords: Chocs de revenus; éducation des enfants; allocation intra-ménage des ressources; Malawi;

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  1. Harounan Kazianga & Christopher Udry, 2004. "Consumption Smoothing? Livestock, Insurance and Drought in Rural Burkina Faso," Working Papers 898, Economic Growth Center, Yale University.
  2. Levhari, David & Weiss, Yoram, 1974. "The Effect of Risk on the Investment in Human Capital," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 64(6), pages 950-63, December.
  3. L.Guarcello & F.Mealli & F.Rosati, 2002. "Household Vulnerability and Child Labour: the Effect of Shocks, Credit Rationing and Insurance," UCW Working Paper 3, Understanding Children's Work (UCW Programme).
  4. Sawada, Yasayuki & Lokshin, Michael, 2001. "Household schooling decisions in rural Pakistan," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2541, The World Bank.
  5. Stephen Zeldes, . "Optimal Consumption with Stochastic Income: Deviations from Certainty Equivalence," Rodney L. White Center for Financial Research Working Papers 20-86, Wharton School Rodney L. White Center for Financial Research.
  6. Becker, Gary S & Tomes, Nigel, 1986. "Human Capital and the Rise and Fall of Families," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 4(3), pages S1-39, July.
  7. Robert M. Townsend, . "Risk and Insurance in Village India," University of Chicago - Population Research Center 91-3a, Chicago - Population Research Center.
  8. Mankiw, N Gregory & Romer, David & Weil, David N, 1992. "A Contribution to the Empirics of Economic Growth," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 107(2), pages 407-37, May.
  9. Chernichovsky, Dov, 1985. "Socioeconomic and Demographic Aspects of School Enrollment and Attendance in Rural Botswana," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 33(2), pages 319-32, January.
  10. Paxson, Christina H, 1992. "Using Weather Variability to Estimate the Response of Savings to Transitory Income in Thailand," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 82(1), pages 15-33, March.
  11. Duryea, Suzanne & Lam, David & Levison, Deborah, 2007. "Effects of economic shocks on children's employment and schooling in Brazil," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 84(1), pages 188-214, September.
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