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Comment financer l’allocation universelle? La stratégie de Van Parijs (1995) en question

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  • Claude GAMEL

    (GREQAM - IDEP - Université Paul Cézanne)

Abstract

Dans l'ouvrage que Van Parijs a consacré en 1995 aux fondements philosophiques et économiques du projet d'allocation universelle, le chapitre IV est dédié au problème du financement « soutenable » d'une telle mesure. Les « rentes d'emploi » y sont présentées comme un troisième type de ressources susceptibles d'élargir l'assiette fiscale du financement, à côté des « ressources externes » et des « ressources internes » des individus. Les difficultés d'exploitation de telles rentes légitiment l'exploration d'une stratégie alternative de financement fondée sur la flexibilité « walrassienne » des salaires, laquelle permet de réduire une certaine contradiction entre l'acceptation par Van Parijs de rentes de situation liées à l'emploi et sa volonté ultérieure (chapitre VI) d'« optimiser » le capitalisme. Incidemment, la différence réelle entre allocation universelle et impôt négatif sur le revenu est aussi réexaminée.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES) in its series Discussion Papers (REL - Recherches Economiques de Louvain) with number 2004032.

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Length: 30
Date of creation: 01 Sep 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ctl:louvre:2004032

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Keywords: Allocation universelle; Rentes d’emploi; Impôt négatif;

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References

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  1. Bénédicte Reynaud, 1993. "Les théories de l'équité, fondements d'une approche cognitive du salaire d'efficience," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(1), pages 5-22.
  2. Lindbeck, Assar, 1988. "Individual freedom and welfare state policy," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 32(2-3), pages 295-318, March.
  3. Assar Lindbeck & Dennis J. Snower, 1989. "The Insider-Outsider Theory of Employment and Unemployment," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 026262074x.
  4. Fehr, Ernst, 1990. "Cooperation, Harassment, and Involuntary Unemployment: Comment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 80(3), pages 624-30, June.
  5. Bernard Salanié & Guy Laroque, 2000. "Une décomposition du non-emploi en France," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 331(1), pages 47-66.
  6. Atkinson, A. B. & Stiglitz, J. E., 1976. "The design of tax structure: Direct versus indirect taxation," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 6(1-2), pages 55-75.
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Cited by:
  1. Claude Gamel, 2008. "Allocation universelle et transferts "ELIE" : De la divergence à la compatibilité ?," Working Papers halshs-00325693, HAL.

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