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Dictator games in the lab and in nature: External validity tested and investigated in Ugandan primary schools

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  • Abigail Barr
  • Andrew Zeitlin

Abstract

This paper tests the external validity of a simple Dictator Game as a laboratory analogue for a naturally occurring policy-relevant decision-making context. In Uganda, where teacher absenteeism is a problem, primary school teachers’ allocations to parents in a Dictator Game are positively but weakly correlated with their time allocations to teaching and, so, negatively correlated with their absenteeism. Guided by a simple theoretical model, we find that the correlation can be improved by allowing for (a) variations in behavioural reference points across teachers and schools and (b) the positive effect if some School Management Committees on teacher attendance .

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File URL: http://www.csae.ox.ac.uk/workingpapers/pdfs/2010-11text.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Centre for the Study of African Economies, University of Oxford in its series CSAE Working Paper Series with number 2010-11.

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Date of creation: 2010
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Handle: RePEc:csa:wpaper:2010-11

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Keywords: Public service; Education; Experiments; Africa; external validity; Methodology;

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Cited by:
  1. Abigail Barr & Andrew Zeitlin, 2011. "Conflict of interest as a barrier to local accountability," Economics Series Working Papers WPS/2011-13, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
  2. Axel Franzen & Sonja Pointner, 2013. "The external validity of giving in the dictator game," Experimental Economics, Springer, vol. 16(2), pages 155-169, June.
  3. Yann Girard & Florian Hett, 2013. "Competitiveness in dynamic group contests: Evidence from combined field and lab data," Working Papers 1303, Gutenberg School of Management and Economics, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, revised 01 Apr 2013.
  4. Bezu, Sosina & Holden, Stein T., 2013. "Generosity and social distance in dictator game field experiments with and without a face," CLTS Working Papers 1/13, Centre for Land Tenure Studies, Norwegian University of Life Sciences.
  5. Abigail Barr & Lawrence Bategeka & Madina Guloba & Ibrahim Kasirye & Frederick Mugisha & Pieter Serneels & Andrew Zeitlin, 2012. "Management and Motivation in Ugandan Primary Schools: An impact evaluation report," Working Papers PIERI 2012-14, PEP-PIERI.

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