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Who Owns Children and Does it Matter?

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  • Schoonbroodt, Alice
  • Tertilt, Michèle

Abstract

Is there an economic rationale for pronatalist policies? In this paper we propose and analyze a particular market failure that may lead to inefficiently low equilibrium fertility and therefore to a need for government intervention. The friction we investigate is related to the ownership of children. If parents have no claim on their children's income, then the private benefit from producing a child may be smaller than the social benefit. We present an overlapping-generations (OLG) model with fertility choice and altruism, and model ownership by introducing a minimum constraint on transfers from parents to children. Using the efficiency concepts proposed in Golosov, Jones and Tertilt (2007), we find that whenever the transfer floor is binding, fertility choices are inefficient. We show how this inefficiency relates to dynamic inefficiency in standard OLG models with exogenous fertility and Millian efficiency in models with endogenous fertility. In particular, we show that the usual conditions for efficiency are no longer sufficient. Further, we analyze several government policies in this context. We find that, in contrast to settings with exogenous fertility, a PAYG social security system cannot be used to implement the efficient allocation. Rather, government transfers need to be tied to a person's fertility choice in order to provide incentives for child bearing, thus providing a justification for pronatalist policies.

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Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 7653.

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Date of creation: Jan 2010
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Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:7653

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Keywords: Efficiency; Fertility; Overlapping generations; Social Security;

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References

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  1. Should we own our children?
    by Economic Logician in Economic Logic on 2010-02-16 15:13:00
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Cited by:
  1. Renaud Bourlès & Bruno Ventelou & Maame Esi Woode, 2012. "Child Income as an Insurance Mechanism Consequences for the Health-Education Relationship," AMSE Working Papers 1205, Aix-Marseille School of Economics, Marseille, France.
  2. Schoonbroodt, Alice & Tertilt, Michèle, 2014. "Property rights and efficiency in OLG models with endogenous fertility," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 150(C), pages 551-582.
  3. Cordoba, Juan Carlos & Ripoll, Marla, 2014. "Intergenerational Transfers and the Fertility-Income Relationship," Staff General Research Papers 37662, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.

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