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L'aide au développement et les autres flux nord-sud : complémentarité ou substitution ?

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Author Info

  • Cogneau, Denis
  • Lambert, Sylvie

Abstract

Cet article s’inscrit dans une réflexion générale sur la cohérence des politiques suivies par les pays du nord dans leurs relations avec les pays du sud. Il s’interroge sur les interactions entre les politiques d’aide, les politiques commerciales, les investissements directs étrangers et les flux de migrations sud-nord. Pour l’essentiel, il est consacré à a question de savoir si l’aide est allouée à des pays qui bénéficient ou pâtissent des autres politiques considérées. Il apparaît que, dans un contexte de forte polarisation des échanges commerciaux et des flux de capitaux et de politiques migratoires biaisées en faveur du travail qualifié, l’aide publique au développement revêt de plus en plus un rôle de compensation des autres flux qui relient les pays développés et les pays en développement, alors même que son poids relatif et donc son pouvoir de compensation a diminué. Par ailleurs, cet article s’intéresse également à un deuxième aspect de la question, celui de l’impact des politiques menées dans les autres domaines sur l’efficacité du dollar d’aide à réduire la pauvreté. Cependant l’identification empirique de l’existence d’une complémentarité positive entre l’aide et les autres politiques du Nord apparaît comme particulièrement difficile.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by CEPREMAP in its series CEPREMAP Working Papers (Docweb) with number 0602.

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Length: 31 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2006
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cpm:docweb:0602

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Keywords: aide publique au développement; commerce international; migrations internationales; investissements directs étrangers;

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References

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  1. Cogneau, Denis & Naudet, Jean-David, 2007. "Who Deserves Aid? Equality of Opportunity, International Aid, and Poverty Reduction," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 35(1), pages 104-120, January.
  2. de Sousa, José & Mayer, Thierry & Zignago, Soledad, 2012. "Market Access in Global and Regional Trade," CEPR Discussion Papers 9085, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Michael A. Clemens & Steven Radelet & Rikhil Bhavnani, 2004. "Counting chickens when they hatch: The short-term effect of aid on growth," International Finance 0407010, EconWPA.
  4. David Dollar & Craig Burnside, 2000. "Aid, Policies, and Growth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(4), pages 847-868, September.
  5. Cogneau, Denis & Guénard, Charlotte, 2003. "Colonization, Institutions and Inequality. A Note on Some Suggestive Evidence," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/4540, Paris Dauphine University.
  6. Collier, Paul & Dollar, David, 2000. "Can the world cut poverty in half ? how policy reform and effective aid can meet international development goals," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2403, The World Bank.
  7. Burnside, Craig & Dollar, David, 2004. "Aid, policies, and growth : revisiting the evidence," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3251, The World Bank.
  8. Dollar, David & Levin, Victoria, 2004. "Increasing selectivity of foreign aid, 1984-2002," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3299, The World Bank.
  9. Henrik Hansen & Finn Tarp, 2000. "Aid effectiveness disputed," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 12(3), pages 375-398.
  10. Ryan Macdonald & John Hoddinott, 2004. "Determinants of Canadian bilateral aid allocations: humanitarian, commercial or political?," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 37(2), pages 294-312, May.
  11. P. Guillaumont & L. Chauvet, 2001. "Aid and Performance: A Reassessment," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(6), pages 66-92.
  12. Collier, Paul & Dollar, David, 2002. "Aid allocation and poverty reduction," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 46(8), pages 1475-1500, September.
  13. Antoine Bouët & Yvan Decreux & Lionel Fontagné & Sébastien Jean & David Laborde, 2004. "A Consistent, Ad-Valorem Equivalent Measure of Applied Protection Across the World: The MAcMap-HS6 Database," Working Papers 2004-22, CEPII research center.
  14. Hansen, Henrik & Tarp, Finn, 2001. "Aid and growth regressions," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 64(2), pages 547-570, April.
  15. Llavador, Humberto G. & Roemer, John E., 2001. "An equal-opportunity approach to the allocation of international aid," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 64(1), pages 147-171, February.
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Cited by:
  1. Thierry Mayer, 2006. "Policy Coherence for Development: A Background Paper on Foreign Direct Investment," OECD Development Centre Working Papers 253, OECD Publishing.

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