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Flexibilización laboral: Un análisis de sus efectos en la pobreza y la distribución del ingreso para el caso colombiano

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  • Jairo Guillermo Isaza Castro

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Abstract

En este documento se discuten los posibles efectos que se podría generar en la pobreza y la distribución del ingreso, a partir de una flexibilización de las normas laborales en Colombia. Con base en una revisión de la literatura existente para el caso colombiano, el autor afirma que el análisis de los efectos sociales derivados de una flexibilización de las normas laborales es un tema relativamente inexplorado. Se señala que el carácter inelástico de la demanda de trabajo, no solo en Colombia sino en muchos otros países del mundo, hace que las reducciones del salario real, si bien podrían aumentar la ocupación, contraigan el ingreso agregado de los trabajadores o masa salarial. Un análisis de equilibrio parcial para el mercado de trabajo urbano colombiano indica que reducciones sucesivas del salario real pueden bajar la tasa de desempleo pero, a cambio de aumentos en la pobreza y la desigualdad en la distribución del ingreso. El autor concluye que el número de empleos que se podrían llegar a generar mediante la reforma laboral no reducirá de forma sustancial la tasa de desempleo, al contrario de lo que sostienen las proyecciones oficiales; en cambio, la caída en los salarios reales, a parte de deteriorar los indicadores de pobreza y desigualdad, tiene el potencial de prolongar la fase recesiva del ciclo económico.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by CENTRO DE INVESTIGACIONES EN VIOLENCIA, INSTITUCIONES Y DESARROLLO ECONÓMICO (VIDE) in its series SERIE DE DOCUMENTOS EN ECONOMÍA Y VIOLENCIA with number 002731.

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Length: 21
Date of creation: 10 Oct 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:col:000137:002731

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Keywords: Colombia;

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  1. Horton, Susan & Kanbur, Ravi & Mazumdar, Dipak, 1991. "Labor markets in an era of adjustment : an overview," Policy Research Working Paper Series 694, The World Bank.
  2. Williamson, John, 1993. "Democracy and the "Washington consensus"," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 21(8), pages 1329-1336, August.
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