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La informalidad empresarial y sus consecuencias: ¿Son los CAE una solución?

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Author Info

  • Mauricio Cárdenas

    ()

  • Sandra Rozo V.
  • contacto@fedesarrollo.org.co

Abstract

Este documento estudia las consecuencias de la informalidad tanto sobre las empresas informales como sobre las formales y analiza el impacto de los Centros de Atención Empresarial (CAE) sobre la creación de empresas en las seis ciudades principales de Colombia. El análisis se desarrolla con base en datos de la Encuesta 123 realizada en el año 2001, el Censo Empresarial de Cali y Yumbo de 2005, la Encuesta de Clima de Inversión realizada en el 2007 por el Banco Mundial, y las series de matrículas mercantiles. Los resultados permiten ver que las empresas informales tienen en promedio menor acceso al crédito y a programas de capacitación, mayores problemas con el servicio técnico y menores utilidades por trabajador que las empresas formales con características similares. Asimismo, se encuentra que la introducción de los CAE incrementó el registro de empresas formales en 5,2%. Abstract: This document studies the consequences of informality over informal and formal firms as well as the impact of the new program for firms´ registration -CAEs- created recently in the six principal cities of Colombia. The analysis uses data from the 2001 Encuesta 123, the 2005 Enterprise Census of Cali and Yumbo, the 2007 Investment Climate Survey and firms´ registration data from the Chambers of Commerce (matrículas mercantiles"). Estimations show that informal firms face on average loweraccess to credit and training programs, higher problems with technical service and lower profits per worker than formal firms. In addition, formal registration of new firms increased by 5.2 percent after the introduction of CAE."

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File URL: http://www.fedesarrollo.org.co/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/WP-No.-38-Informalidad-empresarial-Cardenas-y-Rozo-2007.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by FEDESARROLLO in its series WORKING PAPERS SERIES. DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO with number 009191.

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Length: 45
Date of creation: 22 Nov 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:col:000123:009191

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Related research

Keywords: Informalidad; informalidad empresarial; Colombia.Informality; firms´ informality; Colombia.;

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References

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  1. Jeffrey M. Wooldridge, 2001. "Econometric Analysis of Cross Section and Panel Data," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262232197, December.
  2. Bruhn, Miriam, 2008. "License to sell : the effect of business registration reform on entrepreneurial activity in Mexico," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4538, The World Bank.
  3. Guillermo E. Perry & William F. Maloney & Omar S. Arias & Pablo Fajnzylber & Andrew D. Mason & Jaime Saavedra-Chanduvi, 2007. "Informality : Exit and Exclusion," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 6730.
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Cited by:
  1. World Bank, 2010. "Scaling-Up SME Access to Financial Services," World Bank Other Operational Studies 12515, The World Bank.
  2. Arbelaez, Maria Angelica & Camacho, Carolina & Fajardo, Johanna, 2011. "Low-income housing finance in Colombia," MPRA Paper 33531, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Ana Maria Oviedo & Mark R. Thomas & Kamer Karakurum-Ozdemir, 2009. "Economic Informality : Causes, Costs, and Policies - A Literature Survey," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 5917.

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