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Oportunidades, desafíos y barreras de la movilidad laboral en Colombia: reflexiones para la población en pobreza extrema y moderada

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Author Info

  • Mauricio Santa María S.

    ()

  • Carlos Felipe Prada L.
  • Ana Virginia Mujica P.

Abstract

En este documento se estudian los flujos y determinantes de la movilidad laboral en Colombia, haciendo énfasis en la población en pobreza extrema y moderada. Con base en la información de las Encuestas de Hogares para los años 1995, 2000 y 2006 se calculan matrices de transición entre diferentes ocupaciones (asalariado formal, asalariado informal, cuenta propia y empleador). Los resultados sugieren que los individuos en situación de pobreza extrema y moderada tienen una mayor probabilidad de ubicarse en empleos cuenta propia de baja productividad que generan salarios muy bajos y limitan indefinidamente su progreso social. Por el contrario, los trabajadores no pobres se concentran en empleos asalariados formales, los cuales, además de ser más productivos, tienen una mayor remuneración. De esta manera, la informalidad y el cuenta propismo se han convertido en sectores cada vez más grandes y más inertes. El documento identifica también las principales barreras y desafíos que tienen los cuenta propia y los emprendedores para crear sus empresas y generar ingresos sostenibles. Finalmente, se presenta un breve resumen de los programas desarrollados en el país para fomentar la creación de capital humano y el acceso a los factores productivos, identificando sus logros y sus fallas y dando algunas recomendaciones para su mejor desempeño

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by FEDESARROLLO in its series WORKING PAPERS SERIES. DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO with number 009187.

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Length: 43
Date of creation: 30 Jul 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:col:000123:009187

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Related research

Keywords: Movilidad laboral; Dinámica del mercado laboral; Costos no laborales; Pobreza; Restricciones al emprendimiento; Colombia;

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  1. Bosch, Mariano & Maloney, William F., 2008. "Cyclical Movements in Unemployment and Informality in Developing Countries," IZA Discussion Papers 3514, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Carlos Andrés Cano & Marleny Cardona & Juan Carlos Muñoz & Isabel Cristina Montes, 2008. "Productividad y capacidad laboral en el territorio. Análisis del subsector de alimentos en tres regiones colombianas (1992-2004)," ECONOMÍA, GESTIÓN Y DESARROLLO 005175, UNIVERSIDAD JAVERIANA - CALI.
  3. Bosch, Mariano & Maloney, William F., 2010. "Comparative analysis of labor market dynamics using Markov processes: An application to informality," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 17(4), pages 621-631, August.
  4. Robert Shimer, 2007. "Reassessing the Ins and Outs of Unemployment," NBER Working Papers 13421, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Orazio Attanasio & Adriana Kugler & Costas Meghir, 2008. "Training Disadvantaged Youth in Latin America: Evidence from a Randomized Trial," NBER Working Papers 13931, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. World Bank, 2005. "Income Generation and Social Protection for the Poor," World Bank Other Operational Studies 8815, The World Bank.
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