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Informalidad laboral en las áreas urbanas de Colombia

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  • Luis Armando Galvis

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Abstract

This paper aims to carry out a depiction of labor informality in Colombia. We discuss the different alternatives that have been considered when defining and measuring labor informality and, based on technical criteria, employ the definitions related to the lack of affiliation to social security schemes (healthcare and pensions) and that of DANE for measuring the intensity of informality in the twenty-three major Colombian cities. The results show that when defining informality as the lack of affiliation to social security, nearly six out of ten employees belong to the informal sector. Additionally, informal workers in Colombia are characterized by low educational and income levels, besides from working in smaller establishments, when compared to the formal workers. From a regional perspective, the cities outward to the trapezoid conformed by Bogota, Cali, Medellin and Bucaramanga, the country´s main economic location, have the highest informality rates. RESUMEN: El presente documento tiene por objetivo llevar a cabo una caracterización de la informalidad en Colombia. Se discuten las diferentes alternativas que se han considerado para definir y medir la informalidad y, basado en criterios técnicos, se emplea la definición asociada a la no afiliación a seguridad social (salud y pensión) y la del DANE para medir el nivel de informalidad en las veintitrés principales ciudades del país. Los resultados muestran que, definiendo la informalidad por la falta de aportes a seguridad social, cerca de seis de cada diez empleados se ubicaría en el sector informal. Asimismo, el perfil de los informales en Colombia se caracteriza por presentar bajos niveles educativos, menores niveles de ingreso y se desempeñan en establecimientos de menor tamaño que los trabajadores formales. A nivel regional, los niveles más altos en el grado de informalidad lo presentan ciudades que están por fuera del centro de actividad económica del país, especialmente las ciudades que no se encuentran en el trapecio formado por Bogotá, Cali, Medellín y Bucaramanga.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL in its series DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL with number 009364.

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Date of creation: 28 Feb 2012
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Handle: RePEc:col:000102:009364

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Keywords: informalidad; seguridad social; teoría institucionalista; teoría estructuralista; economía regional.;

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References

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  1. Paola Roldán Vásquez & Carlos Ospino Hernández, 2009. "¿Quiénes terminan en la informalidad?: Impacto de las características y el tiempo de búsqueda," REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL CARIBE, UNIVERSIDAD DEL NORTE.
  2. Daniel Mejía & carlos Esteban Posada, . "Informalidad: teoría e implicaciones de política," Borradores de Economia 455, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  3. Camilo Mondragón-Vélez & Ximena Peña & Daniel Wills, 2010. "Labor Market Rigidities and Informality in Colombia," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 006717, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  4. Bernal Raquel, 2009. "The Informal Labor Market in Colombia: identification and characterization," REVISTA DESARROLLO Y SOCIEDAD, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  5. García Cruz Gustavo Adolfo, 2008. "Informalidad regional en Colombia. Evidencia y Determinantes," REVISTA DESARROLLO Y SOCIEDAD, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  6. Luis Armando Galvis, 2010. "Diferenciales salariales por género y región en Colombia: una aproximación con regresión por cuantiles," REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL ROSARIO, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO.
  7. Luis Armando Galvis Aponte & Adolfo meisel R., 2010. "Fondo de Compensación Regional: Igualdad de oportunidades para la periferia colombiana," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL 006634, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
  8. Luis Armando Galvis Aponte, 2001. "La topografía económica de Colombia," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL 003095, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
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As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. Informalidad laboral en las áreas urbanas de Colombia
    by Maximo Rossi in Wikiprogress América Latina on 2012-03-18 13:22:00
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Cited by:
  1. Nancy Aireth DAZA BAEZ & Luis Fernando GAMBOA, 2013. "An approximation to the Informal-formal wage gap in Colombia 2008-2012," ARCHIVOS DE ECONOMÍA 011196, DEPARTAMENTO NACIONAL DE PLANEACIÓN.
  2. Garcia Cruz, Gustavo Adolfo, 2014. "Labor Informality: Choice or Sign of Segmentation? A Quantile Regression Approach at the Regional Level for Colombia," MPRA Paper 55224, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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