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Política fiscal y desigualdad: factores que deberían tenerse en cuenta al momento de diseñar la política pública

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  • Oscar Iván Ávila Montealegre

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Abstract

En este documento se plantea un modelo teórico de generaciones traslapadas en el que se muestra la importancia de la política fiscal para reducir las brechas salariales e incrementar la producción de largo plazo. Los resultados del modelo evidencian que en algunos casos se presenta la disyuntiva entre maximizar la producción de largo plazo y reducir la desigualdad; asimismo, muestran que los efectos de la política fiscal, en términos de desigualdad y producción, dependen de las fuentes de heterogeneidad de los individuos, por lo que al momento de diseñar las estructuras impositivas y distributivas deberían tenerse en cuenta no sólo las dotaciones iniciales de los individuos sino también sus preferencias y sus funciones de acumulación de capital humano.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA in its series BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA with number 009980.

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Length: 26
Date of creation: 13 Sep 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:col:000094:009980

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Keywords: desigualdad; política fiscal; educación pública; educación y desigualdad;

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  1. Benhabib, Jess & Spiegel, Mark M., 1994. "The role of human capital in economic development evidence from aggregate cross-country data," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(2), pages 143-173, October.
  2. Roland Benabou, 2002. "Tax and Education Policy in a Heterogeneous-Agent Economy: What Levels of Redistribution Maximize Growth and Efficiency?," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 70(2), pages 481-517, March.
  3. Michele Boldrin, 2005. "Public Education and Capital Accumulation," Levine's Bibliography 172782000000000090, UCLA Department of Economics.
  4. Cecilia Garcia-Penalosa & Eve Caroli & Philippe Aghion, 1999. "Inequality and Economic Growth: The Perspective of the New Growth Theories," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 37(4), pages 1615-1660, December.
  5. Chiu, W Henry, 1998. "Income Inequality, Human Capital Accumulation and Economic Performance," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 108(446), pages 44-59, January.
  6. Blankenau, William F. & Simpson, Nicole B., 2004. "Public education expenditures and growth," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 73(2), pages 583-605, April.
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