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La Participación Laboral En Colombia

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  • Carlos Esteban Posada

    ()

  • Luis Eduardo Arango

    ()

Abstract

La oferta laboral está determinada por la decisión de participar en el mercado laboral. Este documento reporta los resultados de la estimación econométrica de un modelo de la tasa de participación (siete ciudades) para cuatro categorías de miembros del hogar: mujeres comprometidas (casadas o en unión permanente), mujeres no comprometidas (solteras, viudas o separadas), hombres comprometidos y hombres comprometidos, con base la Encuesta Nacional de Hogares (ENH) del DANE para el período 1984:1-2000:4. Las diferencias entre estos grupos son significativas. Entre los principales determinantes de efecto positivo de la tasa de participación se destacan la tasa de desempleo de otros miembros del hogar, la edad y el nivel educativo alcanzado; el principal determinante de efecto negativo es la riqueza de los hogares. Según el modelo, la tasa de participación cae ante disminuciones en la tasa de desempleo.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA in its series BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA with number 003047.

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Length: 26
Date of creation: 30 Aug 2002
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:col:000094:003047

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Keywords: Oferta Laboral;

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  1. Killingsworth, Mark R. & Heckman, James J., 1987. "Female labor supply: A survey," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & R. Layard (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 2, pages 103-204 Elsevier.
  2. Balistreri, Edward J., 2002. "Operationalizing equilibrium unemployment: A general equilibrium external economies approach," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 26(3), pages 347-374, March.
  3. Heckman, James J, 1993. "What Has Been Learned about Labor Supply in the Past Twenty Years?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 83(2), pages 116-21, May.
  4. George J. Stigler, 1961. "The Economics of Information," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 69, pages 213.
  5. Orazio Attanasio & Valérie Lechene, 2002. "Tests of Income Pooling in Household Decisions," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 5(4), pages 720-748, October.
  6. Harvey, A C, 1976. "Estimating Regression Models with Multiplicative Heteroscedasticity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 44(3), pages 461-65, May.
  7. Blundell, Richard & Macurdy, Thomas, 1999. "Labor supply: A review of alternative approaches," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 27, pages 1559-1695 Elsevier.
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Cited by:
  1. Jorge Enrique Coronel López, 2005. "El Desempleo en Colombia y su metodología de cálculo: ¿disimulo a un grave problema?," REVISTA SEMESTRE ECONÓMICO, UNIVERSIDAD DE MEDELLÍN.
  2. Adriana Carolina Silva Arias & Patricia Gonzalez Román, 2007. "Una revisión a la composición y transición demográfica," REVISTA FACULTAD DE CIENCIAS ECONÓMICAS, UNIVERSIDAD MILITAR NUEVA GRANADA.
  3. Juan Miguel Villa, 2005. "Impacto De Los Incentivos Públicos En Educación Sobre La Participación Laboral De Los Trabajadores En Colombia," Labor and Demography 0506009, EconWPA.
  4. Mauricio Amador Pilonieta & Paula Herrera Idárraga, 2006. "Diferencias en el desempleo por género. ¿ Hay discriminación en el acceso al trabajo?," DOCUMENTOS DE ECONOMÍA 002349, UNIVERSIDAD JAVERIANA - BOGOTÁ.

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