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Nuovi strumenti di sviluppo locale: l’effetto delle infrastrutture digitali sulla creazione di lavoro autonomo. Analisi di un caso applicato nello stato di New York

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  • Lucia Bazzucchi

    ()
    (Università di Ferrara)

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    Abstract

    The aim of this paper is to analyze the way broadband network externalities affect local development, through the creation of new jobs. In particular, I look at network effects that positively influence the creation of self-employment opportunities for people who are active on the job market. Self-employment and entrepreneurship are seen by the literature as drivers of sustainable economic growth. From a microeconomic perspective, they are the result of individual capacities in reacting to economic disequilibrium; therefore, people who are endowed with entrepreneurial abilities would take advantage of exogenous changes. Broadband and the Internet have completely changed the way work is done in many sectors: they have substantially lowered transaction costs and reduced the minimum efficiency scale of production. Also, they lower coordination costs and the risks of entering new markets. By looking at the effects of digital environment on self-employment rates in New York State counties, the paper disentangles the relationship between two important aspects of the contemporary public policy debate: policies to recover from the economic crisis and create new jobs and policies that try to increase broadband availability and affordability within local communities.

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    File URL: http://193.205.129.80/repec/cme/wpaper/cmetwp_08_2012.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2012
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by c.MET-05 - Centro interuniversitario di Economia Applicata alle Politiche per L'industria, lo Sviluppo locale e l'Internazionalizzazione in its series Working Papers with number 1208.

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    Length: 23 pages
    Date of creation: Nov 2012
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:cme:wpaper:1208

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    Web page: http://www.cmet.it
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    Related research

    Keywords: broadband; network externalities; self-employment; public policy;

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    1. Czernich, Nina & Falck, Oliver & Kretschmer, Tobias & Wößmann, Ludger, 2011. "Broadband Infrastructure and Economic Growth," Munich Reprints in Economics 20033, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
    2. John Mayo & Scott Wallsten, 2011. "From Network Externalities to Broadband Growth Externalities: a Bridge not yet Built," Review of Industrial Organization, Springer, vol. 38(2), pages 173-190, March.
    3. Paul Krugman, 1990. "Increasing Returns and Economic Geography," NBER Working Papers 3275, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Paolo Dini & Gabriella Lombardo & Robin Mansell & Amir Reza Razavi & Sotiris Moschoyiannis & Paul Krause & Andrea Nicolai & Lorena Rivera León, 2008. "Beyond interoperability to digital ecosystems: regional innovation and socio-economic development led by SMEs," International Journal of Technological Learning, Innovation and Development, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 1(3), pages 410-426.
    5. Krugman, Paul, 1991. "History and Industry Location: The Case of the Manufacturing Belt," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 81(2), pages 80-83, May.
    6. Schultz, Theodore W, 1975. "The Value of the Ability to Deal with Disequilibria," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 13(3), pages 827-46, September.
    7. repec:asg:wpaper:1019 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. David Roodman, 2006. "How to Do xtabond2: An Introduction to "Difference" and "System" GMM in Stata," Working Papers 103, Center for Global Development.
    9. Catherine Armington & Zoltan Acs, 2002. "The Determinants of Regional Variation in New Firm Formation," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(1), pages 33-45.
    10. Tony H. Grubesic & Alan T. Murray, 2004. "Waiting for Broadband: Local Competition and the Spatial Distribution of Advanced Telecommunication Services in the United States," Growth and Change, Gatton College of Business and Economics, University of Kentucky, vol. 35(2), pages 139-165.
    11. Paolo Dini & Gabriella Lombardo & Robin Mansell & Amir Reza Razavi & Sotiris Moschoyiannis & Paul Krause & Andrea Nicolai & Lorena Rivera León, 2008. "Beyond interoperability to digital ecosystems: regional innovation and socio-economic development led by SMEs," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 20680, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
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