The rising Chinese pharmaceutical industry: local champions vs global players
AbstractThis paper is an exploratory study on main features and challenges of the Chinese pharmaceutical market. Dramatic changes in the market are due both to the Government policies, changing consumer habits and behaviour, and to the growing competition at firm level. From a demand side perspective, consumptions of pharmaceutical products are booming thanks to a combined effect of economic growth, aging population, urbanization and health system reforms. Key forces shaping the demand are examined in the chapter, with a specific attention to health care reforms as well as to new habits and confidence of Chinese people towards the Western medicine. In this regard, import and export trends, consumption, and expected evolution of the market are examined. From a supply side perspective, two main trends can be highlighted: the increasing interest of foreign investors, and the effort of Chinese pharmaceutical firms to compete in the national market. To better understand the ongoing changes we look at market characteristics, key players, as well as trends and motivation of inward FDI to China are examined. On the basis of this general picture, the paper focuses on IP related aspects, to understand who are the main actors of patenting trends (foreign vs local firms) and for which kind of products patents are registered (raw materials vs basic products vs drugs). Analyzing patent trends and the role of Chinese vs Western firms, we try to define how China is taking its role and position into the national and – potentially - international pharmaceutical market.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by c.MET-05 - Centro interuniversitario di Economia Applicata alle Politiche per L'industria, lo Sviluppo locale e l'Internazionalizzazione in its series Working Papers with number 1206.
Length: 19 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2012
Date of revision:
China; pharmaceutical industry; patents;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
- L65 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - Chemicals; Rubber; Drugs; Biotechnology
- O34 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Intellectual Property and Intellectual Capital
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2012-11-03 (All new papers)
- NEP-COM-2012-11-03 (Industrial Competition)
- NEP-INO-2012-11-03 (Innovation)
- NEP-IPR-2012-11-03 (Intellectual Property Rights)
- NEP-TRA-2012-11-03 (Transition Economics)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Hu, Albert Guangzhou & Jefferson, Gary H., 2009. "A great wall of patents: What is behind China's recent patent explosion?," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 90(1), pages 57-68, September.
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