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Stratégies d’innovation des firmes des sciences de la vie et appropriation des ressources végétales : processus et enjeux Innovations strategies of firms in life science and appropriation of vegetal resources : process and stakes

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  • Blandine Laperche

    ()
    (labrii, ULCO)

Abstract

Quelles sont les causes de l’appropriation des ressources végétales et ses conséquences sur le développement économique ? La constitution du potentiel d’innovation des firmes multinationales est si coûteuse que l’appropriation des inventions qui en découlent, mais aussi des ressources qui le forment est fondamentale. D’où leur rôle dans l’élargissement et le renforcement des droits de propriété intellectuelle. Mais, priver les pays en développement de leurs ressources végétales risque d’entraver toute stratégie de développent endogène. Les solutions alternatives, comme les droits de propriété collectifs, n’apportent pas de réponse satisfaisante. Une approche plus systémique de l’innovation est souhaitable. What are the causes of the appropriation of vegetal resources and its consequences on economic development? The formation of the innovation potential of multinational firms is so costly that the appropriation of the inventions stemming from it and of the resources it includes is fundamental. This explains their role in the extension and the strengthening of intellectual property rights. However, depriving developing countries from their vegetal resources may hinder all strategy of endogenous development. Alternative solutions, such as collective property rights do not give satisfying answers. A more systemic approach of innovation is needed.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation in its series Working Papers with number 189.

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Length: 25 pages
Date of creation: Jul 2008
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in Cahiers du Lab.RII, July 2008
Handle: RePEc:rii:riidoc:189

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Keywords: : innovation; appropriation; vegetal ressources; intellectual property right; developing countries;

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  1. Antonelli, Cristiano, 2005. "Models Of Knowledge And Systems Of Governance," Department of Economics and Statistics Cognetti de Martiis LEI & BRICK - Laboratory of Economics of Innovation "Franco Momigliano", Bureau of Research in Innovation, Complexity and Knowledge, Collegio 200501, University of Turin.
  2. Joseph E. Stiglitz & Andrew Charlton, 2005. "Un cycle de négociations commerciales pour le développement ?," Revue d’économie du développement, De Boeck Université, vol. 19(4), pages 17-54.
  3. Adam B. Jaffe, 1999. "The U.S. Patent System in Transition: Policy Innovation and the Innovation Process," NBER Working Papers 7280, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Alston, Julian M. & Pardey, Philip G. & Taylor, Michael J., 2001. "Agricultural science policy," Food policy statements 32, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  5. Franco Malerba & Luigi Orsenigo, 2002. "Innovation and market structure in the dynamics of the pharmaceutical industry and biotechnology: towards a history-friendly model," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 11(4), pages 667-703, August.
  6. Perrin, Richard K., 1999. "Intellectual property rights and developing country agriculture," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 21(3), pages 221-229, December.
  7. Dominique Foray, 2006. "The Economics of Knowledge," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262562235, December.
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