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The Bootstrap of the Mean for Dependent Heterogeneous Arrays

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  • Sílvia Gonçalves

    ()

  • Halbert White

Abstract

Presently, conditions ensuring the validity of bootstrap methods for the sample mean of (possibly heterogeneous) near epoch dependent (NED) functions of mixing processes are unknown. A0501n purpose of this paper is thus to establish the validity of the bootstrap in this context, extending the applicability of bootstrap methods to a class of processes broadly relevant for applications in economics and finance. The results apply to the moving blocks bootstrap of Künsch (1989) and Liu and Singh (1992) as well as to the stationary bootstrap of Politis and Romano (1994). In particular, the consistency of the bootstrap variance estimator for the sample mean is shown to be robust against heteroskedasticity and dependence of unknown form. The first order asymptotic validity of the bootstrap approximation to the actual distribution of the sample mean is also established in this heterogeneous NED context. Actuellement, les conditions assurant la validité des méthodes de bootstrap pour la moyenne d'échantillon des (possiblement hétérogènes) fonctions de dépendance d'époque proche (DEP) des processus de mixage sont inconnues. Ainsi, un des objectifs principaux de cet article est d'établir la validité du bootstrap dans ce contexte, en élargissant l'applicabilité des méthodes de bootstrap à une classe de processus largement adéquats pour les applications en économie et en finance. Les résultats se rapportent au bootstrap de blocs mouvants de Künsch (1989) et Liu et Singh (1992), de même qu'au bootstrap stationnaire de Politis et Romano (1994). Plus particulièrement, nous démontrons que la consistance de l'estimateur de variance du bootstrap pour la moyenne d'échantillon résiste à l'hétéroscédasticité et à la dépendance de forme inconnue. La validité asymptotique de premier ordre de l'approximation du bootstrap à la distribution actuelle de la moyenne d'échantillon est également démontrée dans ce contexte DEP hétérogène.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by CIRANO in its series CIRANO Working Papers with number 2001s-19.

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Date of creation: 01 Mar 2001
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Handle: RePEc:cir:cirwor:2001s-19

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Keywords: Block bootstrap; near epoch dependence; sample mean; Bootstrap en bloc; dépendance d'époque proche; moyenne d'échantillon;

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  1. Andrews, Donald W K & Monahan, J Christopher, 1992. "An Improved Heteroskedasticity and Autocorrelation Consistent Covariance Matrix Estimator," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 60(4), pages 953-66, July.
  2. Carrasco, Marine & Chen, Xiaohong, 2002. "Mixing And Moment Properties Of Various Garch And Stochastic Volatility Models," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 18(01), pages 17-39, February.
  3. Newey, Whitney & West, Kenneth, 2014. "A simple, positive semi-definite, heteroscedasticity and autocorrelation consistent covariance matrix," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 33(1), pages 125-132.
  4. Donald W.K. Andrews, 1999. "Higher-Order Improvements of a Computationally Attractive-Step Bootstrap for Extremum Estimators," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 1230, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
  5. Hansen, Bruce E., 1991. "Strong Laws for Dependent Heterogeneous Processes," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 7(02), pages 213-221, June.
  6. Bollerslev, Tim, 1986. "Generalized autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 31(3), pages 307-327, April.
  7. Andrews, Donald W.K., 1988. "Laws of Large Numbers for Dependent Non-Identically Distributed Random Variables," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 4(03), pages 458-467, December.
  8. Hansen, Bruce E., 1991. "GARCH(1, 1) processes are near epoch dependent," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 36(2), pages 181-186, June.
  9. Engle, Robert F, 1982. "Autoregressive Conditional Heteroscedasticity with Estimates of the Variance of United Kingdom Inflation," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(4), pages 987-1007, July.
  10. Politis, D. N. & Romano, Joseph P. & Wolf, Michael, 1997. "Subsampling for heteroskedastic time series," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 81(2), pages 281-317, December.
  11. Fitzenberger, Bernd, 1998. "The moving blocks bootstrap and robust inference for linear least squares and quantile regressions," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 82(2), pages 235-287, February.
  12. Andrews, Donald W K, 1991. "Heteroskedasticity and Autocorrelation Consistent Covariance Matrix Estimation," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 59(3), pages 817-58, May.
  13. repec:cup:etheor:v:7:y:1991:i:2:p:213-21 is not listed on IDEAS
  14. Sin, Chor-Yiu & White, Halbert, 1996. "Information criteria for selecting possibly misspecified parametric models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 71(1-2), pages 207-225.
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