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Bootstrapping GMM estimators for time series

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  • Inoue, Atsushi
  • Shintani, Mototsugu

Abstract

This paper establishes that the bootstrap provides asymptotic refinements for the generalized method of moments estimator of overidentified linear models when autocorrelation structures of moment functions are unknown. When moment functions are uncorrelated after finite lags, Hall and Horowitz (1996) showed that errors in the rejection probabilities of the symmetrical t test and the test of overidentifying restrictions based on the bootstrap are O(T-1). In general, however, such a parametric rate cannot be obtained with the heteroskedasticity and autocorrelation consistent (HAC) covariance matrix estimator since it converges at a nonparametric rate that is slower than T-1/2. By taking into account the HAC covariance matrix estimator in the Edgeworth expansion, we show that the bootstrap provides asymptotic refinements when kernels whose characteristic exponent is greater than two are used. Moreover, we find that the order of the bootstrap approximation error can be made arbitrarily close to o(T-1) provided moment conditions are satisfied. The bootstrap approximation thus improves upon the first-order asymptotic approximation even when there is a general autocorrelation. A Monte Carlo experiment shows that the bootstrap improves the accuracy of inference on regression parameters in small samples. We apply our bootstrap method to inference about the parameters in the monetary policy reaction function.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Econometrics.

Volume (Year): 133 (2006)
Issue (Month): 2 (August)
Pages: 531-555

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Handle: RePEc:eee:econom:v:133:y:2006:i:2:p:531-555

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jeconom

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  1. Ng, S. & Perron, P., 1994. "Unit Root Tests ARMA Models with Data Dependent Methods for the Selection of the Truncation Lag," Cahiers de recherche 9423, Universite de Montreal, Departement de sciences economiques.
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  7. Goncalves, Silvia & White, Halbert, 2002. "Maximum Likelihood and the Bootstrap for Nonlinear Dynamic Models," University of California at San Diego, Economics Working Paper Series qt8hx21540, Department of Economics, UC San Diego.
  8. Richard Clarida & Jordi Galí & Mark Gertler, 1997. "Monetary policy rules and macroeconomic stability: Evidence and some theory," Economics Working Papers 350, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, revised May 1999.
  9. Lahiri, Soumendra Nath, 1996. "On Edgeworth Expansion and Moving Block Bootstrap for StudentizedM-Estimators in Multiple Linear Regression Models," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 56(1), pages 42-59, January.
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  11. Andrews, Donald W K, 1991. "Heteroskedasticity and Autocorrelation Consistent Covariance Matrix Estimation," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 59(3), pages 817-58, May.
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