Patents, Price Controls and Access to New Drugs: How Policy Affects Global Market Entry
AbstractWe consider how patent rights and price regulation affect whether new drugs are marketed in a country, and how quickly. The analysis covers a large sample of 68 countries at all income levels and includes all drug launches over the period 1982-2002. It uses newly compiled information on legal and regulatory policy, and is the first systematic analysis of the determinants of drug launch in poor countries. Price control tends to discourage rapid product entry, while the results for patents are mixed. There is evidence that local capacity to innovate matters and that international pricing externalities may play a role.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Center for Global Development in its series Working Papers with number 61.
Length: 53 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2005
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Web page: http://www.cgdev.org
patent; drugs; access; market entry; price control;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- D62 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Externalities
- D4 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure and Pricing
- K2 - Law and Economics - - Regulation and Business Law
- K10 - Law and Economics - - Basic Areas of Law - - - General (Constitutional Law)
- I11 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Analysis of Health Care Markets
- I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2006-08-26 (All new papers)
- NEP-COM-2006-08-26 (Industrial Competition)
- NEP-HEA-2006-08-26 (Health Economics)
- NEP-IND-2006-08-26 (Industrial Organization)
- NEP-INO-2006-08-26 (Innovation)
- NEP-MIC-2006-08-26 (Microeconomics)
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