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Professional Employer Organizations: What Are They, Who Uses Them and Why Should We Care?

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  • Britton Lombardi
  • Yukako Ono

Abstract

More and more U.S. workers are counted as employees of firms that they do not actually work for. Among such workers are those who staffed by temporary help service (THS) agencies and leased employees who are on the payroll of professional employment organizations (PEOs) but work for PEOs’ client firms. While several papers study firms’ use of THS services, few examine firms’ use of PEO services. In this article, we summarize PEOs’ business practices and examine how the intensity of their use varies across industries, geographic areas, and establishment characteristics using both public and confidential data.

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File URL: ftp://ftp2.census.gov/ces/wp/2010/CES-WP-10-22.pdf
File Function: First version, 2010
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau in its series Working Papers with number 10-22.

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Length: 21 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cen:wpaper:10-22

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  1. Lewis M. Segal & Daniel G. Sullivan, 1997. "The Growth of Temporary Services Work," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 11(2), pages 117-136, Spring.
  2. Yukako Ono & Daniel Sullivan, 2008. "Manufacturing Plants' Use of Temporary Workers: An Analysis Using Census Micro Data," Working Papers 08-40, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
  3. Susan Houseman, 2006. "Outsourcing, Offshoring, and Productivity Measurement in Manufacturing," Upjohn Working Papers and Journal Articles 06-130, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.
  4. Marcello Estevao & Saul Lach, 1999. "Measuring Temporary Labor Outsourcing in U.S. Manufacturing," NBER Working Papers 7421, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Matthew Dey & Susan Houseman & Anne Polivka, 2006. "Manufacturers' Outsourcing to Employment Services," Upjohn Working Papers and Journal Articles 07-132, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.
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Cited by:
  1. Peter Cappelli & JR Keller, 2012. "A Study of the Extent and Potential Causes of Alternative Employment Arrangements," NBER Working Papers 18376, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

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