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State dependence in Swedish social assistance

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  • Daniela Andrén

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  • Thomas Andrén

Abstract

This study estimates the state dependence in social assistance in Sweden during 1990-1999 by different types of households, which were grouped by the country of birth of the sampled individual and his/her partner. The results show that the structural state dependence differed extensively across different household types. Although Swedish-born partners who separated are one of the groups with the lowest receipt of social assistance (i.e., 1.08-1.76%), these individuals exhibit the highest state dependence (24.4 percentage points). Foreign-born singles have almost the same value for the state dependence, but these individuals also have the highest receipt of social assistance (18.47%). Surprisingly, the group with the lowest receipt of social assistance (0.27-3.06%) and the lowest state dependence (4.7 percentage points) are the foreign-born women living together with a Swedish-born man. However, for the mixed samples, there are only few parameters for the country of origin that are statistically significant. For example, compared to the Nordic-born group, men born in Eastern Europe who lived with a Swedish-born woman during 1990-99 have a lower propensity (1 percentage points) to receive social assistance, whereas men born in the Middle East or the rest of the world who lived with a Swedish born woman in 1990 have a higher propensity (1.1-1.2 percentage points).

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Central European Labour Studies Institute (CELSI) in its series Discussion Papers with number 19.

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Date of creation: 23 Oct 2013
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Handle: RePEc:cel:dpaper:19

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Keywords: social assistance; state dependence; country of birth; marital status; mixed couples; unobserved heterogeneity; initial condition; dynamic probit model; GHK simulator;

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