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National innovation system, competitiveness and economic growth

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  • Marco Flávio da Cunha Resende

    (Cedeplar-UFMG)

  • Daniela Almeida Raposo Torres

    (Cedeplar-UFMG)

Abstract

Differences in income-elasticities of imports and exports among countries bring about distinct degrees of external constraints to growth. This argument has been pointed out by Prebisch and by authors in the Kaldorian tradition. Prebisch’s explanations for this phenomenon relate to the differences in international insertion between agrarian / peripheral and industrial / central economies. Kaldorian authors, in turn, refer to Prebisch only to explain why such elasticities differ between products and between countries. However, even after undergoing industrialization processes, several economies still face external constraints to growth. The aim of this paper is to explain differences in trade elasticities among industrial economies. Therefore, it intends to demonstrate, by using the Neo-Schumpeterian literature, the causal relations between the development of a National Innovation System, the differences in income-elasticities of imports and exports, the degree of competitiveness and the degree of external vulnerability of an economy.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Cedeplar, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais in its series Textos para Discussão Cedeplar-UFMG with number td325.

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Length: 25 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cdp:texdis:td325

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Keywords: national innovation system; competitiveness; external vulnerability;

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  1. Bernardes, Americo Tristao & Albuquerque, Eduardo da Motta e, 2003. "Cross-over, thresholds, and interactions between science and technology: lessons for less-developed countries," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 32(5), pages 865-885, May.
  2. de Assis C. Vieira,Fabrício & Brito, Marcio Holland de, 2010. "Crescimento econômico secular no Brasil, modelo de thirlwall e termos de troca," Textos para discussão, Escola de Economia de São Paulo, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil) 206, Escola de Economia de São Paulo, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil).
  3. Oliveira, Francisco H.P. & Jayme, Frederico Jr. & Lemos, Mauro B., 2006. "Increasing returns to scale and international diffusion of technology: An empirical study for Brazil (1976-2000)," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 34(1), pages 75-88, January.
  4. Eduardo da Motta e Albuquerque, 1996. "Notas sobre a contribuição de Kenneth Arrow para a fundamentação teórica dos "sistemas nacionais de inovação"," Revista Brasileira de Economia, FGV/EPGE Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil), vol. 50(2), pages 227-242, April.
  5. Marco Crocco, 2000. "The concept of degrees of uncertainty in Keynes, Shackle and Davidson," Textos para Discussão Cedeplar-UFMG, Cedeplar, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais td147, Cedeplar, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais.
  6. Dosi, Giovanni, 1988. "Institutions and Markets in a Dynamic World," The Manchester School of Economic & Social Studies, University of Manchester, University of Manchester, vol. 56(2), pages 119-46, June.
  7. Fagerberg, Jan, 1994. "Technology and International Differences in Growth Rates," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 32(3), pages 1147-75, September.
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