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An Analytical Evaluation of the Log-periodogram Estimate in the Presence of Level Shifts

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Author Info

  • Pierre Perron

    ()
    (Department of Economics, Boston University,)

  • Zhongjun Qu

    ()
    (Department of Economics, Boston University,)

Abstract

Recently, there has been an upsurge of interest on the possibility of confusing long memory and structural changes in level. Many studies have shown that when a stationary short memory process is contaminated by level shifts the estimate of the fractional differencing parameter is biased away from zero and the autocovariance function exhibits a slow rate of decay, akin to a long memory process. We analyze the properties of the log periodogram estimate of the memory parameter when the jump component is specified by a simple mixture model. Our theoretical results explain many findings reported and uncover new features. Simulations are presented to highlight the properties of the distributions and to assess the adequacy of our approximations. We also show the usefulness of our results to distinguish between long memory and level shifts via an application to the volatility of daily returns for wheat commodity futures.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Boston University - Department of Economics in its series Boston University - Department of Economics - Working Papers Series with number wp2007-044.

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Length: 32
Date of creation: Oct 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:bos:wpaper:wp2007-044

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Related research

Keywords: structural change; jumps; long memory processes; fractional integration; Poisson process; frequency domain estimates;

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References

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  1. Ding, Zhuanxin & Granger, Clive W. J. & Engle, Robert F., 1993. "A long memory property of stock market returns and a new model," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 1(1), pages 83-106, June.
  2. Perron, P, 1988. "The Great Crash, The Oil Price Shock And The Unit Root Hypothesis," Papers 338, Princeton, Department of Economics - Econometric Research Program.
  3. Leipus, Remigijus & Viano, Marie-Claude, 2003. "Long memory and stochastic trend," Statistics & Probability Letters, Elsevier, vol. 61(2), pages 177-190, January.
  4. Gourieroux, Christian & Jasiak, Joann, 2001. "Memory and infrequent breaks," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 70(1), pages 29-41, January.
  5. Thomas Mikosch & Cătălin Stărică, 2004. "Nonstationarities in Financial Time Series, the Long-Range Dependence, and the IGARCH Effects," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 86(1), pages 378-390, February.
  6. Baillie, Richard T., 1996. "Long memory processes and fractional integration in econometrics," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 73(1), pages 5-59, July.
  7. Diebold, Francis X. & Inoue, Atsushi, 2001. "Long memory and regime switching," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 105(1), pages 131-159, November.
  8. Robert F. Engle & Aaron D. Smith, 1999. "Stochastic Permanent Breaks," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 81(4), pages 553-574, November.
  9. Lobato, Ignacio N & Savin, N E, 1998. "Real and Spurious Long-Memory Properties of Stock-Market Data," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 16(3), pages 261-68, July.
  10. Deo, Rohit S. & Hurvich, Clifford M., 2001. "On The Log Periodogram Regression Estimator Of The Memory Parameter In Long Memory Stochastic Volatility Models," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 17(04), pages 686-710, August.
  11. Zhongjun Qu & Pierre Perron, 2008. "A Stochastic Volatility Model with Random Level Shifts: Theory and Applications to S&P 500 and NASDAQ Return Indices," Boston University - Department of Economics - Working Papers Series wp2008-007, Boston University - Department of Economics.
  12. Iliyan GEORGIEV, 2002. "Functional Weak Limit Theory for Rare Outlying Events," Economics Working Papers ECO2002/22, European University Institute.
  13. William R. Parke, 1999. "What Is Fractional Integration?," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 81(4), pages 632-638, November.
  14. Granger, Clive W. J. & Ding, Zhuanxin, 1996. "Varieties of long memory models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 73(1), pages 61-77, July.
  15. Granger, C. W. J., 1981. "Some properties of time series data and their use in econometric model specification," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 16(1), pages 121-130, May.
  16. Peter C.B. Phillips, 1999. "Unit Root Log Periodogram Regression," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 1244, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
  17. Barbour, A. D. & Utev, Sergey, 1999. "Compound Poisson approximation in total variation," Stochastic Processes and their Applications, Elsevier, vol. 82(1), pages 89-125, July.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Russell Davidson, 2010. "An Agnostic Look at Bayesian Statistics and Econometrics," Working Papers halshs-00541163, HAL.
  2. Pierre Perron & Rasmus T. Varneskov, 2011. "Combining Long Memory and Level Shifts in Modeling and Forecasting the Volatility of Asset Returns," Boston University - Department of Economics - Working Papers Series WP2011-050, Boston University - Department of Economics.
  3. Pierre Perron & Yohei Yamamoto, 2011. "Estimating and Testing Multiple Structural Changes in Linear Models Using Band Spectral Regressions," Boston University - Department of Economics - Working Papers Series WP2011-049, Boston University - Department of Economics.
  4. Adnen Ben Nasr & Ahdi N. Ajmi & Rangan Gupta, 2013. "Modeling the Volatility of the Dow Jones Islamic Market World Index Using a Fractionally Integrated Time Varying GARCH (FITVGARCH) Model," Working Papers 201357, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
  5. Yang K. Lu & Pierre Perron, 2008. "Modeling and Forecasting Stock Return Volatility Using a Random Level Shift Model," Boston University - Department of Economics - Working Papers Series wp2008-012, Boston University - Department of Economics.
  6. Adnen Ben Nasr & Mohamed Boutahar & Abdelwahed Trabelsi, 2010. "Fractionally integrated time varying GARCH model," Statistical Methods and Applications, Springer, vol. 19(3), pages 399-430, August.
  7. Frank S. Nielsen, 2008. "Local polynomial Whittle estimation covering non-stationary fractional processes," CREATES Research Papers 2008-28, School of Economics and Management, University of Aarhus.
  8. Zhongjun Qu & Pierre Perron, 2008. "A Stochastic Volatility Model with Random Level Shifts: Theory and Applications to S&P 500 and NASDAQ Return Indices," Boston University - Department of Economics - Working Papers Series wp2008-007, Boston University - Department of Economics.
  9. Pierre Perron & Zhongjun Qu, 2008. "Long-Memory and Level Shifts in the Volatility of Stock Market Return Indices," Boston University - Department of Economics - Working Papers Series wp2008-004, Boston University - Department of Economics.
  10. Chevillon, Guillaume, 2009. "Multi-step forecasting in emerging economies: An investigation of the South African GDP," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 25(3), pages 602-628, July.

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