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Modeling and forecasting stock return volatility using a random level shift model

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  • Lu, Yang K.
  • Perron, Pierre

Abstract

We consider the estimation of a random level shift model for which the series of interest is the sum of a short-memory process and a jump or level shift component. For the latter component, we specify the commonly used simple mixture model such that the component is the cumulative sum of a process which is 0 with some probability (1Â -Â [alpha]) and is a random variable with probability [alpha]. Our estimation method transforms such a model into a linear state space with mixture of normal innovations, so that an extension of Kalman filter algorithm can be applied. We apply this random level shift model to the logarithm of daily absolute returns for the S&P 500, AMEX, Dow Jones and NASDAQ stock market return indices. Our point estimates imply few level shifts for all series. But once these are taken into account, there is little evidence of serial correlation in the remaining noise and, hence, no evidence of long-memory. Once the estimated shifts are introduced to a standard GARCH model applied to the returns series, any evidence of GARCH effects disappears. We also produce rolling out-of-sample forecasts of squared returns. In most cases, our simple random level shift model clearly outperforms a standard GARCH(1,1) model and, in many cases, it also provides better forecasts than a fractionally integrated GARCH model.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Empirical Finance.

Volume (Year): 17 (2010)
Issue (Month): 1 (January)
Pages: 138-156

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Handle: RePEc:eee:empfin:v:17:y:2010:i:1:p:138-156

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jempfin

Related research

Keywords: Structural change Forecasting GARCH models Long-memory;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Georges Dionne & Olfa Maalaoui Chun, 2013. "Default and Liquidity Regimes in the Bond Market during the 2002-2012 Period," Cahiers de recherche 1322, CIRPEE.
  2. Pierre Perron & Adam McCloskey, 2010. "Memory Parameter Estimation in the Presence of Level Shifts and Deterministic Trends," Boston University - Department of Economics - Working Papers Series WP2010-048, Boston University - Department of Economics.
  3. Perron, Pierre & Qu, Zhongjun, 2010. "Long-Memory and Level Shifts in the Volatility of Stock Market Return Indices," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 28(2), pages 275-290.
  4. Francesco Battaglia & Mattheos Protopapas, 2012. "Multi–regime models for nonlinear nonstationary time series," Computational Statistics, Springer, vol. 27(2), pages 319-341, June.

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