On harnessing the potential of financial inclusion
AbstractThe development of information and communications technology is opening up the opportunity for providing essential financial services to most people. Indeed, many mobile money or branchless banking schemes are currently spreading across the world. However, these schemes can only be sustainable if they are built on a commercially viable business model. In this respect, the verdict is still out. The paper describes one commercially viable initiative in more detail, M-PESA in Kenya, and analyses in detail the transactions involved. It argues that in order to harness the potential of financial inclusion it is vital to permit experimentation with different business models. Required therefore is regulation that enables such experimentation by calibrating it to the type of service offered, and is tightened if and when such schemes become bigger with the potential to impact the financial stability: risk-proportionate regulation by service type.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Bank for International Settlements in its series BIS Working Papers with number 347.
Length: 25 pages
Date of creation: May 2011
Date of revision:
financial intermediaries; payments; regulation;
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- Carmen M. Reinhart & Kenneth S. Rogoff, 2009.
"The Aftermath of Financial Crises,"
American Economic Review,
American Economic Association, vol. 99(2), pages 466-72, May.
- Penelope Hawkins, 2011. "Financial access: what has the crisis changed?," BIS Papers chapters, in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Central banking in Africa: prospects in a changing world, volume 56, pages 11-20 Bank for International Settlements.
- de Koker, Louis & Jentzsch, Nicola, 2013. "Financial Inclusion and Financial Integrity: Aligned Incentives?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 267-280.
- Wagner, Charlotte & Winkler, Adalbert, 2013. "The Vulnerability of Microfinance to Financial Turmoil – Evidence from the Global Financial Crisis," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 71-90.
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