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Smoking and Obesity Revisited: Evidence from Belarus

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  • Aliaksandr Amialchuk
  • Kateryna Bornukova

    ()
    (Belarusian Economic Research and Outreach Center (BEROC))

  • Mir M. Ali

Abstract

It has been hypothesized that the rising obesity rates in many countries are an unintended consequence of anti-smoking policies. However, evidence of a causal effect of smoking on body weight is mixed. Using a large nationally representative survey from Belarus, we estimate the effect of the number of cigarettes smoked per day on individuals’ body mass index (BMI) and on the probability of being overweight and obese. We instrument smoking variable using cigarette prices and group-specific smoking rates. We find that smoking is negatively related to BMI, probability of overweight and obesity, and the magnitude of the estimated effects is comparable to the estimates from other countries. In addition, quantile regression analysis uncovers that the negative effect of smoking is higher at the higher percentiles of BMI distribution. Same differences in the effect are found using ordered probit regression analyses. Our results uncover a small negative effect of smoking on body size and obesity. These findings suggest that, while smoking cessation may lead to some weight gain among subjects of healthy weight and above healthy weight, the effects on obese subjects are small and should not be expected to significantly increase obesity prevalence.

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File URL: http://eng.beroc.by/webroot/delivery/files/WP19_eng_Bornukova.pdf
File Function: First version, 2012
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Belarusian Economic Research and Outreach Center (BEROC) in its series BEROC Working Paper Series with number 19.

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Length: 32 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:bel:wpaper:19

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Web page: http://www.beroc.by
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Keywords: Belarus; smoking; obesity; body weight;

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  1. Peter Arcidiacono & Holger Sieg & Frank Sloan, 2001. "Living Rationally Under the Volcano? An Empirical Analysis of Heavy Drinking and Smoking," NBER Working Papers 8602, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  14. Trogdon, Justin G. & Nonnemaker, James & Pais, Joanne, 2008. "Peer effects in adolescent overweight," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 27(5), pages 1388-1399, September.
  15. Sokbae Lee, 2004. "Endogeneity in Quantile Regression Models: A Control Function Approach," Econometric Society 2004 North American Summer Meetings, Econometric Society 521, Econometric Society.
  16. James Nonnemaker & Eric Finkelstein & Mark Engelen & Thomas Hoerger & Matthew Farrelly, 2009. "Have Efforts To Reduce Smoking Really Contributed To The Obesity Epidemic?," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, Western Economic Association International, vol. 47(2), pages 366-376, 04.
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  18. Morris, Stephen, 2007. "The impact of obesity on employment," Labour Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 413-433, June.
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